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Workers’ Compensation Act

R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER W.11

Note: This Act was repealed on January 1, 1998. See: 1997, c. 16, ss. 18, 19.

Amended by: 1993, c. 10, s. 55; 1993, c. 27, Sched.; 1993, c. 38, s. 71; 1994, c. 8, s. 37; 1994, c. 24, ss. 1-34; 1994, c. 25, s. 86; 1994, c. 27, s. 43 (2); 1995, c. 5, ss. 1-27; 1996, c. 31, s. 72; 1997, c. 16, s. 18.

CONTENTS


Part
0.I
I
II
III
IV
V



Purpose and Interpretation
Compensation

Transitional Provisions

Offences and Penalties

Sections


0.1-3.1
4-139
140-143
144-147
148-151
152-164

______________

PART 0.I
PURPOSE AND INTERPRETATION

Purpose

0.1  The purpose of this Act is to accomplish the following in a financially responsible and accountable manner:

1. To provide fair compensation to workers who sustain personal injury arising out of and in the course of their employment or who suffer from occupational disease and to their survivors and dependants.

2. To provide health care benefits to those workers.

3. To provide for rehabilitation services and programs to facilitate the workers’ return to work.

4. To provide for rehabilitation programs for their survivors.

5. To prevent or reduce the occurrence of injuries and occupational diseases at work.

6. To promote health and safety in workplaces. 1995, c. 5, s. 1.

Definitions

1.  (1) In this Act,

“accident” includes,

(a) a wilful and intentional act, not being the act of the worker,

(b) a chance event occasioned by a physical or natural cause, and

(c) disablement arising out of and in the course of employment; (“accident”)

“accident fund” means the fund continued by this Act for the payment of benefits under Schedule 1, the costs and expenses of the administration of this Act, and such other costs and expenses as are directed by or under this or any other Act to be paid out of the accident fund, including all expenses arising out of the establishment, maintenance and operation of mine rescue stations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act; (“caisse des accidents”)

“Appeals Tribunal” means the Workers’ Compensation Appeals Tribunal; (“Tribunal d’appel”)

“average earnings” means the average earnings of a worker determined by the Board under section 40; (“gains moyens”)

“Board” means the Workers’ Compensation Board; (“Commission”)

“construction” includes reconstruction, repair, alteration and demolition; (“construction”)

“contributions for employment benefits”, in relation to a worker, means amounts paid in whole or in part by an employer on behalf of the worker or the worker’s spouse or dependants for health care, life insurance and pension benefits; (“cotisations pour les avantages rattachés à l’emploi”)

“dependants” means such of the members of the family of a worker as were wholly or partly dependent upon the worker’s earnings at the time of his or her death or who but for the incapacity due to the accident would have been so dependent; (“personnes à charge”)

“disability”, in relation to an injured worker, means the loss of earning capacity of the worker that results from an injury; (“invalidité”)

“earnings” and “wages” include any remuneration capable of being estimated in terms of money but does not include contributions made under section 7 for employment benefits; (“gains”, “salaire”)

“employer” includes every person having in the person’s service under a contract of hiring or apprenticeship, written or oral, express or implied, any person engaged in any work in or about an industry and includes,

(a) the Crown in right of Ontario and any permanent board or commission appointed by the Crown in right of Ontario,

(b) a trustee, receiver, liquidator, executor or administrator who carries on an industry,

(c) a person who authorizes or permits a learner to be in or about an industry for the purpose mentioned in the definition of “learner”; (“employeur”)

“employment” includes employment in an industry or any part, branch or department of an industry; (“emploi”)

“impairment”, in relation to an injured worker, means any physical or functional abnormality or loss including disfigurement which results from an injury and any psychological damage arising from the abnormality or loss; (“déficience”)

“independent operator” means a person who carries on an industry set out in Schedule 1 and who does not employ any workers for that purpose; (“exploitant indépendant”)

“industry” includes an establishment, undertaking, trade, business or service and, where domestics are employed, includes a household; (“industrie”)

“invalid” means physically or mentally incapable of earning; (“invalide”)

“learner” means a person who, although not under a contract of service or apprenticeship, becomes subject to the hazards of an industry within the scope of Part I for the purpose of undergoing training or probationary work specified or stipulated by the employer as a preliminary to employment; (“stagiaire”)

“manufacturing” includes making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, packaging, inspecting, testing, assembling the parts of and adapting for use or sale any article or commodity or raw material; (“fabrication”)

“medical referee” means a medical referee appointed by the Board; (“médecin expert”)

“member of the family” means a spouse, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, stepfather, stepmother, son, daughter, grandson, granddaughter, stepson, stepdaughter, brother, sister, half-brother or half-sister, and includes a person who stood in the role of parent to the worker or to whom the worker stood in the role of parent, whether related to the worker by consanguinity or not so related; (“membre de la famille”)

“member of a municipal volunteer fire brigade” means a person whose membership has been approved either by the chief of the fire department of a corporation, commission or board mentioned in subsection (3) or by a duly authorized official thereof; (“membre d’un corps municipal de pompiers auxiliaires”)

“occupational disease” includes,

(a) a disease resulting from exposure to a substance relating to a particular process, a trade or occupation in an industry,

(b) a disease peculiar to or characteristic of a particular industrial process, trade or occupation,

(c) a medical condition that in the opinion of the Board requires a worker to be removed either temporarily or permanently from exposure to a substance because the condition may be a precursor to an occupational disease, or

(d) any of the diseases mentioned in Schedule 3 or 4; (“maladie professionnelle”)

“outworker” means a person to whom articles or materials are given out to be made up, cleaned, washed, altered, ornamented, finished, repaired or adapted for sale in the person’s own home or on other premises not under the control or management of the person who gave out the articles or materials; (“travailleur indépendant”)

“permanent impairment”, in relation to an injured worker, means impairment that continues to exist after maximum medical rehabilitation of the worker has been achieved; (“déficience permanente”)

“regulations” means the regulations made under this Act; (“règlements”)

“silicosis” means a fibrotic condition of the lungs sufficient to produce a lessened capacity for work, caused by the inhalation of silica dust; (“silicose”)

“spouse” means either of a man and woman who, at the time of death of the one who was the worker, were cohabiting and,

(a) were married to each other, or

(b) were not married to each other and,

(i) had cohabited for at least one year,

(ii) were together the parents of a child, or

(iii) had together entered into a cohabitation agreement under section 53 of the Family Law Act; (“conjoint”)

“student” means a person who is pursuing formal education as a full-time or part-time student and is employed by an employer for the purposes of the employer’s industry, although not as a learner or an apprentice; (“étudiant”)

“superannuation fund” means The Workers’ Compensation Board Superannuation Fund; (“caisse de retraite”)

“worker” includes a person who has entered into or is employed under a contract of service or apprenticeship, written or oral, express or implied, whether by way of manual labour or otherwise, and includes,

(a) a learner or student,

(b) a member of a municipal volunteer fire brigade or a municipal volunteer ambulance brigade,

(c) a person deemed to be a worker of an employer by a direction or order of the Board,

(d) a person summoned to assist in controlling or extinguishing a fire by an authority empowered to do so,

(e) a person who assists in any search and rescue operation at the request of and under the direction of a member of the Ontario Provincial Police Force,

(f) a person who assists in connection with an emergency that has been declared to exist by the head of council of a municipality or the Premier of Ontario,

(g) an auxiliary member of a police force,

but does not include an outworker, an executive officer of a corporation, or a person whose employment is of a casual nature and who is employed otherwise than for the purposes of the employer’s industry. (“travailleur”) R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 1 (1); 1994, c. 24, s. 2.

Deemed employer

(2) For the purpose of this Act,

(a) an authority who summons a person to assist in controlling or extinguishing a fire as mentioned in clause (d) of the definition of “worker”, shall be deemed to be the employer of the person;

(b) the Crown in right of Ontario shall be deemed to be the employer of a person who assists in any search and rescue operation as mentioned in clause (e) of the definition of “worker”; and

(c) where the head of council of a municipality or the Premier of Ontario declares an emergency to exist as mentioned in clause (f) of the definition of “worker”, the municipality or the Crown in right of Ontario, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be the employer of the person,

and the earnings of the person shall be the earnings in the person’s regular employment calculated in accordance with this Act or, if the person has no earnings, the earnings shall be fixed by the Board.

Municipal corporations, etc., and school boards

(3) The exercise and performance of the powers and duties of,

(a) a municipal corporation;

(b) a public utilities commission or any other commission or any board having the management and conduct of any work or service owned by or operated for a municipal corporation except a hospital board;

(c) a public library board;

(d) the board of trustees of a police village; and

(e) a school board,

shall for the purposes of Part I be deemed the trade or business of the corporation, commission, board, board of trustees or school board.

Volunteer fire or ambulance brigade

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a municipal corporation, commission or board mentioned in subsection (3) shall be deemed to be the employer of a member of a municipal volunteer fire brigade or a municipal volunteer ambulance brigade and such employment shall be deemed to be included in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of the corporation, commission or board and it shall yearly, on or before such date as the Board may prescribe or at such other times as the Board may prescribe, notify the Board, specifying the number of volunteers engaged and shall select such amount of coverage for such volunteers, which in no case shall be less than a rate which will provide the minimum amount of compensation determined by the Board or more than the maximum rate of annual earnings established by section 38. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 1 (2-4).

Schedules

2.  A reference in this Act to Schedule 1, 2, 3 or 4, is a reference to Schedule 1, 2, 3 or 4, as the case may be, in the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 2.

Seconded workers

3.  Where the services of a worker are temporarily lent or hired out to another person by the person with whom the worker has entered into a contract of service, the latter person is deemed to continue to be the employer of the worker while the worker is working for the other person. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 3.

Training agencies placing trainees

3.1  (1) In this section,

“placement host” means a person with whom a trainee is placed by a training agency to gain work skills and experience; (“agent d’accueil”)

“training agency” means,

(a) a person who is registered, under the Private Vocational Schools Act, to operate a private vocational school; or

(b) a member of a prescribed class who provides vocational or other training. (“organisme de formation”)

Election: trainees as workers of training agency

(2) A training agency that places trainees with a placement host may elect to have such trainees considered to be workers of the training agency during their placement.

Restriction on election

(3) Only a training agency that is in an industry included in Schedule 1 or 2 may make an election.

Effect of election

(4) Upon the Board receiving written notice of a training agency’s election, the following paragraphs apply with respect to each of the trainees the training agency places with a placement host:

1. The placement host shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, other than subsections 10 (9) to (12) and section 16, not to be an employer of the trainee.

2. The training agency shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to be an employer of the trainee and the trainee shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to be a learner employed by the training agency.

Exception

(5) Subsection (4) does not apply with respect to trainees who receive wages from the placement host.

If trainee injured

(6) If a trainee in respect of whom subsection (4) applies suffers a personal injury by accident or occupational disease while on a placement with a placement host then, despite subsection (4),

(a) the trainee’s benefits under this Act shall be determined as if the placement host was the trainee’s employer;

(b) section 54 does not apply to the placement host or the training agency.

Revocation of election

(7) An election may be revoked by giving the Board written notice of the revocation.

Effective date of revocation

(8) A revocation takes effect 120 days after the Board receives written notice of it.

Limitation on revocation

(9) An election that is revoked continues to apply with respect to an injury suffered before the revocation takes effect. 1994, c. 24, s. 3.

PART I
COMPENSATION

Compensation to worker and dependants

4.  (1) Where in any employment, to which this Part applies, personal injury by accident arising out of and in the course of employment is caused to a worker, the worker and the worker’s dependants are entitled to benefits in the manner and to the extent provided under this Act.

Wages for day of accident

(2) Where a worker is entitled to compensation for loss of earnings because of an accident, the employer shall pay to or on behalf of the worker the wages and benefits that the worker would have earned for the day or shift on which the injury occurred as though the injury had not occurred.

Presumptions

(3) Where the accident arose out of the employment, unless the contrary is shown, it shall be presumed that it occurred in the course of the employment and, where the accident occurred in the course of the employment unless the contrary is shown, it shall be presumed that it arose out of the employment.

Decisions to favour claimant

(4) In determining any claim under this Act, the decision shall be made in accordance with the real merits and justice of the case and where it is not practicable to determine an issue because the evidence for or against the issue is approximately equal in weight, the issue shall be resolved in favour of the claimant.

Payment under subs. (2)

(5) Where the worker has not been paid the wages and benefits prescribed by subsection (2), the Board shall pay to or on behalf of the worker the wages and benefits prescribed by subsection (2).

Idem

(6) Every employer who makes default in paying the wages and benefits prescribed by subsection (2) shall, in addition to any other penalty or liability, pay to the Board a sum equal to the amount of such wages and benefits and payment of such amount may be enforced in the same manner as the payment of an assessment may be enforced.

Serious and wilful misconduct

(7) Where an injury is attributable solely to the serious and wilful misconduct of the worker, no benefits or compensation are payable unless the injury results in death or serious impairment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 4.

Employers liable to contribute to the accident fund

5.  Employers in the industries for the time being included in Schedule 1 are liable to contribute to the accident fund as hereinafter provided, but are not liable individually to pay compensation. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 5.

Employers individually liable

6.  Employers in the industries for the time being included in Schedule 2 are liable individually to pay compensation and health care. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 6.

Employment benefits for injured workers

7.(1) An employer, throughout the first year after an injury to a worker, shall make contributions for employment benefits in respect of the worker when the worker is absent from work because of the injury.

Deeming provision

(2) For the purpose of determining a worker’s entitlement to benefits under a benefit plan, fund or arrangement, a worker shall be deemed, for one year after the date the injury occurred, to continue to be employed by the worker’s employer on the date of the injury.

Penalty

(3) If the Board finds that an employer has not complied with its obligations under subsection (1), the Board may levy a penalty on the employer to a maximum of the amount of one year’s contributions for employment benefits in respect of the worker.

Liability for loss

(4) The employer is liable to a worker for any loss the worker suffers as a result of the employer’s failure to make the contributions required by subsection (1).

Eligibility

(5) Contributions under subsection (1) are required only if,

(a) the employer was making contributions for employment benefits in respect of the worker when the injury occurred; and

(b) the worker continues to pay his or her contributions, if any, for the employment benefits while absent from work.

Emergency workers

(6) If a worker is injured while engaged in employment described in subsection 1(2) or (4), the worker’s employer, other than the employer described in subsection 1(2) or (4), shall be deemed to be the employer for the purposes of this section.

Idem

(7) If an employer makes contributions under subsection (1) in respect of a worker described in subsection (6), the employer described in subsection 1(2) or (4) shall reimburse the employer for the contributions.

Multi-employer benefit plans

(8) Subsection (1) does not apply to an employer who participates in a multi-employer benefit plan in respect of a worker if, throughout the first year after the worker is injured whenever the worker is absent from work because of the injury,

(a) the plan continues to provide the worker with the benefits to which the worker would otherwise be or become entitled under the plan; and

(b) the plan does not require contributions from the employer during the absence and does not require the worker to draw on the worker’s benefit credits, if any, under the plan during the absence.

Amendment of multi-employer benefit plans

(9) On and after the 2nd day of January, 1992, a multi-employer benefit plan shall contain and, if it does not do so, shall be deemed to contain provisions sufficient,

(a) to enable all employers who participate in the plan to be exempted under subsection (8) from the requirement to make contributions; and

(b) to provide each worker with the benefits described in subsection (8) in the circumstances described in that subsection. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 7.

Accident while worker employed outside Ontario

8.(1) Where the place of business or chief place of business of the employer is situate in Ontario and the residence and usual place of employment of the worker are in Ontario and an accident happens while the worker is employed out of Ontario and the employment out of Ontario has lasted less than six months, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation under this Part in the same manner and to the same extent as if the accident had happened in Ontario.

Accident while worker employed outside Ontario for six or more months

(2) Where the place of business or chief place of business of the employer is situate in Ontario and the residence and usual place of employment of the worker are in Ontario and the employment of the worker out of Ontario lasts or is likely to last six or more months, the employer may apply to the Board to be assessed on the earnings of such worker and, if the application is accepted by the Board and if the worker is injured by accident happening out of Ontario, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation under this Part in the same manner and to the same extent as if the accident had happened in Ontario.

Accident while worker outside Ontario temporarily

(3) Where the place of business or chief place of business of the employer is situate in Ontario and the residence of the worker is out of Ontario but the worker’s usual and principal place of employment is in Ontario and an accident happens while the worker is out of Ontario merely for some temporary purpose connected with the worker’s employment, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation under this Part in the same manner and to the same extent as if the accident had happened in Ontario.

Where employer’s place of business out of Ontario

(4) Where an accident happens out of Ontario and the employer’s place of business or chief place of business is situate out of Ontario and the worker is entitled to compensation under the law of the place where the accident happens, compensation is not payable to the worker or his or her dependants whether the worker’s residence is in or out of Ontario unless the worker’s place of employment is in Ontario and he or she is at the time of the accident out of Ontario merely for some casual or incidental purpose connected with his or her employment.

Accidents on ships, railways, aircraft, etc.

(5) Where an accident happens out of Ontario on a steamboat, ship or vessel, or on a railway or on an aircraft, or on a truck, bus or other vehicle used in the transportation of passengers or any goods or substance, and the residence of the worker is in Ontario and the work or service rendered by the worker is required to be performed both in and out of Ontario, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation under this Part as if the accident had happened in Ontario.

Accident on steamboat or vessel outside of Ontario

(6) Where an accident happens out of Ontario on a steamboat, ship or vessel and the residence of the worker is in Ontario, and whether the worker had been employed previously in Ontario or not, and regardless of the duration of the worker’s employment out of Ontario, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation under this Part if the steamboat, ship or vessel is registered in Canada or if the chief place of business of the owner or charterer of the steamboat, ship or vessel is in Ontario.

Accidents excluded

(7) Except as provided in this section, no compensation is payable under this Part where the accident to the worker happens while the worker is employed elsewhere than in Ontario.

Authority to avoid duplication of assessments

(8) With a view to avoiding duplication of assessments to which an employer may be liable on the earnings of workers who are employed part of the time in Ontario and part of the time in another province or territory of Canada, the Board may make an agreement with the workers’ compensation authority of that province or territory for such adjustment of assessments as is equitable and may reimburse such other authority for any payment of compensation, rehabilitation or health care made by it under such agreement, and may, in order to give effect to any such agreement, relieve any such employer from assessment or reduce the amount thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 8.

Where compensation payable by law of foreign country, worker to elect

9.(1) Where by the law of the country or place in which the accident happens the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation in respect of it, they shall be bound to elect whether they will claim compensation under the law of such country or place or under this Part and to give notice of such election, and, if such election is not made and notice given, it shall be presumed that they have elected not to claim compensation under this Part.

How election to be made

(2) Notice of the election, where the compensation under this Part is payable by the employer individually, shall be given to the employer and, where the compensation is payable out of the accident fund, to the Board, and shall be given in both cases within three months after the happening of the accident or, in case it results in death, within three months after the death or within such longer period as either before or after the expiration of such three months the Board may allow. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 9.

Election where compensation payable outside Ontario

9.1  (1) If a worker or his or her dependants are entitled, in connection with an accident in Ontario, to compensation under this Part and under the law of a country or place outside Ontario, they shall elect whether they will claim compensation under this Part or under the law of that country or place.

Notice of election

(2) A worker or dependants who make an election shall give notice of it in accordance with subsection 9 (2).

Effect of failure to elect

(3) If an election is not made and notice given, it shall be presumed that the worker or his or her dependants have elected not to claim compensation under this Part. 1994, c. 24, s. 4.

Where worker entitled to action against person other than employer

10.(1) Where an accident arising out of and in the course of a worker’s employment happens to the worker under such circumstances as entitle the worker or his or her dependants to an action against some person other than the employer, or an executive officer or director thereof, the worker or his or her dependants, if entitled to benefits under this Part, may claim such benefits or may bring such action.

Worker entitled to difference between benefits and amount collected

(2) If less is recovered and collected by a judgment in the action or by settlement than the amount of benefits to which the worker or his or her dependants are entitled under this Part, the difference between the amount recovered and collected and the amount of such benefits is payable to the worker or his or her dependants. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 10(1, 2).

Application of subs.(2)

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of an accident that occurs on or after the day section 267.1 of the Insurance Act comes into force if, as a result of the accident, the worker or the dependants receive statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act. 1993, c.10, s.55(1).

Settlements to be approved

(3) Subsection (2) applies to a settlement only if the approval of the Board to such settlement has been given before the settlement is made.

Subrogation of employer or Board to rights of worker

(4) If the worker or his or her dependants elect to claim benefits under this Act, the employer, if the employer is individually liable to pay it, and the Board, if the compensation is payable out of the accident fund, are subrogated to all rights of the worker or his or her dependants in respect of the injury to the worker and may maintain an action in the name of the worker, or of the Board if the employer is in Schedule 1, or of the employer if the employer is in Schedule 2, against the person against whom the action lies and any amount recovered over and above all amounts expended by the Board or the employer in respect of such claim and action shall be paid to the worker or his or her dependants and any such surplus paid to the worker or his or her dependants shall be deducted from the amount of any future compensation or other benefits to which the worker or his or her dependants may become entitled in respect of the accident that gave rise to the injury.

Recovery of amounts of benefits

(5) The employer in Schedule 2 or the Board may, in the action under subsection (4), also recover any amounts expended on behalf of the worker or his or her dependants by way of compensation or other benefits and has the exclusive right to determine whether such action shall be maintained, abandoned or compromised.

How election to be made

(6) The election shall be made and notice of it shall be given within the time and in the manner provided by section 9. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 10(3-6).

Where worker or dependant is a minor

(7) If a worker or a dependant is under the age of eighteen years, the election under subsection (1) may be made on his or her behalf by a parent or guardian or by the Children’s Lawyer. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 10(7); 1994, c. 27, s. 43 (2).

Where worker incapable of making election

(8) If a worker is mentally incapable of making the election under subsection (1) or is unconscious as a result of his or her injury and no committee has been appointed, the worker’s dependent spouse may make such election, but if no election is made within sixty days after the day of the injury, the Public Trustee shall elect on behalf of the injured worker.

Right of action as against employer in Schedule 1

(9) No employer in Schedule 1 and no worker of an employer in Schedule 1 or dependant of such worker has a right of action for damages against any employer in Schedule 1 or any executive officer or any director or any worker of such employer, for an injury for which benefits are payable under this Act, where the workers of both employers were in the course of their employment at the time of the happening of the injury, but, in any case where the Board is satisfied that the accident giving rise to the injury was caused by the negligence of some other employer or employers in Schedule 1 or their workers, the Board may direct that the benefits awarded in any such case or a proportion of them shall be charged against the class or group to which such other employer or employers belong and to the accident cost record of such individual employer or employers.

Exception

(10) Subsection (9) does not apply where the employer has supplied a motor vehicle, machinery or equipment on a purchase or rental basis without also supplying workers to operate such motor vehicle, machinery or equipment.

Damages

(11) In any action brought by a worker of an employer in Schedule 1 or dependant of such worker in any case within subsection (1) or maintained by the Board under subsection (4) and one or more of the persons found to be at fault or negligent is the employer of the worker in Schedule 1 or an executive officer or director thereof, or any other employer in Schedule 1, or an executive officer or director thereof, or any worker of any employer in Schedule 1, no damages, contribution or indemnity are recoverable for the portion of the loss or damage caused by the fault or negligence of such employer of the worker in Schedule 1 or an executive officer or director thereof, or of any other employer in Schedule 1 or executive officer or director thereof, or of any worker of any employer in Schedule 1, and the portion of the loss or damage so caused by the fault or negligence of such employer of the worker in Schedule 1 or an executive officer or director thereof, or of any other employer in Schedule 1 or an executive officer or director thereof, or of the worker of any employer in Schedule 1, shall be determined although such employer or executive officer or director or worker is not a party to the action.

Idem

(12) In any action brought by a worker of an employer in Schedule 2 or dependant of such worker in any case within subsection (1) or maintained by the employer of the worker under subsection (4) and one or more of the persons found to be at fault or negligent is the employer of the worker in Schedule 2 or an executive officer or director thereof, no damages, contribution or indemnity are recoverable for the portion of the loss or damage caused by the fault or negligence of such employer or executive officer or director and the portion of the loss or damage so caused by the fault or negligence of such employer or executive officer or director shall be determined although such employer or executive officer or director is not a party to the action. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 10(8-12).

Re-election if automobile insurance benefits not available

(13) If a worker or dependant elects under subsection (1) to bring an action in respect of an accident that results from the use or operation of an automobile as defined in the Insurance Act and it is subsequently determined that the worker or dependant is not entitled to statutory accident benefits under section 268 of that Act in respect of the accident, the worker or dependant may claim benefits under this Part.

Benefits received before automobile insurance benefits

(14) A worker or dependant who receives benefits under this Part and who subsequently receives statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act in respect of the accident is not entitled to any further benefits under this Part but is not required to repay any benefits under this Part that were received before the statutory accident benefits were received.

Automobile accidents; benefits under ss.42,43

(15) No benefits shall be paid under section 42 or 43 to a worker who, in the absence of this Act, would be entitled to statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act in respect of the same injury unless the worker confirms his or her election under subsection (1) to claim benefits under this Part.

Same

(16) A worker who has received benefits under section 42 or 43 and who, in the absence of this Act, would be entitled to statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act in respect of the same injury may not revoke an election under subsection (1) to claim benefits under this Part that has been confirmed under subsection (15).

Automobile accidents; death benefits

(17) No benefits shall be paid under clause 35(1)(a) or subsection 35(7) to a worker’s spouse or dependent child if, in the absence of this Act, the spouse or child would be entitled to statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act in respect of the worker’s death unless,

(a) the spouse or child confirms his or her election under subsection (1) to claim benefits under this Part; or

(b) no action has been brought by the spouse or child and the limitation period for bringing the action has expired.

Same

(18) A worker’s spouse or dependent child who has received benefits under clause 35(1)(a) or subsection 35(7) and who, in the absence of this Act, would be entitled to statutory accident benefits under section 268 of the Insurance Act in respect of the worker’s death may not revoke an election under subsection (1) to claim benefits under this Part that has been confirmed under clause (17)(a).

Application of subss. (13) to (18)

(19) Subsections (13) to (18) apply only in respect of accidents that occur on or after the day section 267.1 of the Insurance Act comes into force. 1993, c.10, s.55(1).

Employers and contractors

11.(1) The workers of a contractor or subcontractor executing any work in or for the purposes of an industry under this Part, carried on by another person, in this subsection and in subsection (2) referred to as the principal, shall be deemed to be the workers of the principal unless such contractor or subcontractor is, in respect of such work, assessed, or added and assessed, as the case may be, as an employer in Schedule 1, or, in cases where such contractor or subcontractor is, in respect of such work, individually liable for payment of compensation, unless the Board finds and declares that the responsibility of such contractor or subcontractor is sufficient protection to the workers for the benefits provided for by this Act.

Right of principal employer to reimbursement from contractor

(2) Where a principal has made payment of assessment or compensation or furnished health care that, but for subsection (1), the principal would not have been liable to pay or furnish, the principal is entitled to reimbursement from the contractor or subcontractor to such extent as the Board finds such contractor or subcontractor would have been liable.

Liability of principal to pay assessments

(3) Where a person, whether carrying on an industry included in Schedule 1 or not, in this subsection and in subsection (4) referred to as the principal, contracts with any other person, in this section referred to as the contractor, for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work for the principal, it is the duty of the principal to see that any sum that the contractor or any subcontractor is liable to contribute to the accident fund is paid, and if any such principal who fails to do so is personally liable to pay it to the Board, and the Board has the like powers and is entitled to the like remedies for enforcing payment as it possesses or is entitled to in respect of an assessment.

Right of indemnity

(4) A principal who is liable to make payment to the Board under subsection (3) is entitled to be indemnified by any person who should have made such payment and is entitled to withhold out of any indebtedness due to such person a sufficient amount to answer the same, and all questions as to the right to and the amount of any such indemnity shall be determined by the Board.

Liability of contractor or subcontractor to contribute

(5) Nothing in this section prevents a worker from claiming compensation or the Board from collecting contribution to the accident fund from the contractor or any subcontractor instead of the principal. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 11.

Liability of licensee to pay assessments

12. (1) If a licence is granted under Part III of the Crown Forest Sustainability Act, 1994 and forest resources are harvested or used for a designated purpose under that Act by a person other than the licensee, it is the duty of the licensee to see that any sum that the other person is liable to contribute to the accident fund is paid, and a licensee who fails to do so is personally liable to pay the sum to the Board and the Board has the like powers and is entitled to the like remedies for enforcing payment as it possesses or is entitled to in respect of an assessment. 1994, c. 25, s. 86.

Right of indemnity

(2) A licensee who is liable to make payment to the Board under subsection (1) is entitled to be indemnified by any person who should have made such payment and is entitled to withhold out of any indebtedness due to such person a sufficient amount to answer the same and all questions as to the right to and the amount of any such indemnity shall be determined by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 12 (2).

Person may be deemed to be worker

13.(1) On application, an employer, an independent operator, a person the Board deems to be an employer, or an executive officer of a corporation may elect to be deemed a worker for the purposes of this Act, provided that,

(a) he or she is carried on the payroll of the business at his or her actual earnings for the year, or files with the Board a statement of his or her estimated earnings for the year which is acceptable to the Board; and

(b) he or she consents to the application.

Idem

(2) A person shall not be deemed under subsection (1) to be a worker unless the rate of his or her estimated or actual earnings yields the minimum amount of compensation provided by section 39.

Entitlement to compensation

(3) No person deemed a worker under subsection (1) shall be entitled to more compensation than the maximum provided by sections 38 and 41. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 13.

No action to be brought to recover compensation

14.  No action lies for the recovery of compensation whether it is payable by the employer individually or out of the accident fund, but all claims for compensation shall be heard and determined by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 14.

Where worker residing out of Ontario entitled to compensation

15.  If a worker receiving a weekly or other periodical payment ceases to reside in Ontario, the worker is not thereafter entitled to receive any such payment unless a medical referee certifies that the impairment resulting from the injury is likely to be of a permanent nature, and, if a medical referee so certifies and the Board so directs, the worker is entitled quarterly to the amount of the weekly or other periodical payments accruing due if the worker proves in such manner as may be prescribed by the regulations his or her identity and the continuance of the impairment in respect of which the same is payable. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 15.

Provisions of Act in lieu of all rights of action against employer, etc.

16.  The provisions of this Part are in lieu of all rights and rights of action, statutory or otherwise, to which a worker or the members of his or her family are or may be entitled against the employer of such worker, or any executive officer thereof, for or by reason of any accident happening to the worker or any occupational disease contracted by the worker on or after the 1st day of January, 1915, while in the employment of such employer, and no action lies in respect thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 16; 1994, c. 24, s. 5.

Determination of right to bring action

17.(1) Any party to an action may apply to the Appeals Tribunal for adjudication and determination of the question of the plaintiff’s right to compensation under this Part, or as to whether the action is one the right to bring which is taken away by this Part, or whether the action is one in which the right to recover damages, contribution, or indemnity is limited by this Part, and such adjudication and determination is final and conclusive. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 17.

Automobile accidents

(2) An insurer from whom statutory accident benefits are claimed under section 268 of the Insurance Act may apply to the Appeals Tribunal for adjudication and determination of the question of the claimant’s right to compensation under this Part, or as to whether the claimant’s right of action is taken away by this Part, or whether the claimant’s right to recover damages, contribution or indemnity in an action is limited by this Part, and such adjudication is final and conclusive. 1993, c.10, s.55(2).

Right to compensation may not be waived

18.  It is not competent for a worker to agree with his or her employer to waive or to forego any of the benefits to which the worker or his or her dependants are or may become entitled under this Part and every agreement to that end is void. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 18.

Agreement as to compensation not valid unless approved by the Board

19.(1) Where the compensation is payable by an employer individually, no agreement between a worker or dependant and the employer for fixing the amount of the compensation or by which the worker or dependant accepts or agrees to accept a stipulated sum in lieu or in satisfaction of it is binding on the worker or dependant unless it is approved by the Board.

Idem

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to compensation for temporary disability lasting for less than four weeks, but in such cases the Board may, on the application of the worker or dependant, or on its own motion, set aside the agreement on such terms as may be deemed just.

Idem

(3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to authorize the making of any such agreement except with respect to an accident that has happened and the compensation to which the worker or dependant has become entitled because of it. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 19.

Deduction not to be made from wages

20.(1) It is not lawful for an employer, either directly or indirectly, to deduct from the wages of any of the employer’s workers any part of any sum that the employer is or may become liable to pay to the worker as compensation under this Part or to require or to permit any of the employer’s workers to contribute in any manner towards indemnifying the employer against any liability that the employer has incurred or may incur under this Part. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 20 (1).

(2) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 2.

Compensation not assignable or liable to attachment

21.  Unless with the approval of the Board, no sum payable as compensation or by way of commutation of any weekly or other periodical payment in respect of it is capable of being assigned, charged or attached, nor does it pass by operation of law except to a personal representative nor shall any claim be set off against it. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 21.

Overpayments

21.1  (1) An overpayment made by the Board to a person who receives compensation under the Act is a debt due and owing to the Board at the time the overpayment is made.

Amount

(2) The amount of the overpayment is as determined by the Board. 1995, c. 5, s. 3.

Notice of accident

22.(1) Subject to subsection (5), compensation or health care is not payable unless notice of the accident is given as soon as practicable after the happening of it and before the worker has voluntarily left the employment in which he or she was injured and unless the claim for compensation or health care is made within six months from the happening of the accident or, in case of death, within six months from the time of death.

Nature of notice

(2) The notice shall give the name and address of the worker and is sufficient if it states in ordinary language the cause of the injury and where the accident happened.

Service of notice

(3) The notice may be served by delivering it at or sending it by registered mail addressed to the place of business or the residence of the employer or, where the employer is a body of persons, corporate or unincorporate, by delivering it at or sending it by registered mail addressed to the employer at the office or, if there are more offices than one, at any of the offices of such body of persons.

Notice to Board

(4) The notice shall also be given to the Board by delivering it to or at the office of the secretary or by sending it to the secretary by registered mail addressed to his or her office.

Failure to give, or defect in notice not to affect right to compensation in certain cases

(5) Failure to give the prescribed notice or to make such claim or any defect or inaccuracy in a notice does not bar the right to compensation if in the opinion of the Board the employer was not prejudiced thereby or, where the compensation is payable out of the accident fund, if the Board is of opinion that the claim for compensation is a just one and ought to be allowed. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 22.

Material change in circumstances

22.1  A person receiving benefits or who may be entitled to receive benefits under the Act shall notify the Board of a material change in circumstances in connection with his or her entitlement to benefits within 10 days after the material change occurs. 1995, c. 5, s. 4.

Medical examination

23.(1) Subject to subsection (2), where an employer so requires, a worker who has made a claim for compensation or to whom compensation is payable under this Act shall submit to a medical examination by a medical practitioner selected, and paid for, by the employer.

Appeal

(2) Where a worker objects to the requirement of the employer to submit to a medical examination or to the nature and extent of the medical examination, being conducted by a medical practitioner the worker or the employer may, within a period of fourteen days of the objection having been made, apply to the Appeals Tribunal to hear and determine the matter and the Appeals Tribunal may set aside the requirement or order the worker to submit to and undergo a medical examination by a medical practitioner or make such further or other order as may be just. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 23.

Special medical treatment in certain cases

24.  Where in any case, in the opinion of the Board, it is in the interest of the accident fund to provide a special surgical operation or special medical treatment for a worker, and the furnishing of the same by the Board is, in the opinion of the Board, the only means of avoiding heavy payment for compensation, the expense of such operation or treatment may be paid out of the accident fund. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 24.

Review of compensation

25.  Any weekly or other periodical payment under section 37 to a worker may be reviewed at the request of the employer or the worker or on the Board’s own motion and on such review the Board may put an end to or diminish or increase such payment to a sum not beyond the maximum amount payable under that section. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 25.

Increase of compensation to worker under 21

26.  Where the worker was at the date of the accident under twenty-one years of age and the review takes place more than six months after the accident, the amount of a weekly payment may be increased to the sum to which the worker would have been entitled if his or her average earnings had at the date of the accident been equal to what, if the worker had not been injured, he or she would probably have been earning at the date of the review. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 26.

Commutation of payments

27.(1) Where the compensation is payable by an employer individually or out of the accident fund, the Board may commute the weekly or other periodical payments payable to a worker or dependant for a lump sum, and may charge the same to the employer or to the accident fund, as the case may be.

Lump sum to be paid to Board

(2) Where the lump sum is payable by the employer individually, it shall be paid to the Board.

Application of lump sum

(3) The lump sum may be,

(a) applied in such manner as the worker or dependant may direct;

(b) paid to the worker or dependant;

(c) invested by the Board and applied from time to time as the Board may deem most for the advantage of the worker or  dependant;

(d) paid to trustees to be used and employed upon and subject to such trusts and for the benefit of such persons as, in case it is payable by the employer individually, the worker or dependant directs and the Board approves, or, if payable out of the accident fund, as may be desired by the worker or dependant and approved by the Board;

(e) applied partly in one and partly in another or others of the modes mentioned in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d),

as the Board may determine.

Advances on account of compensation

(4) In any case where compensation is payable and the Board is of the opinion that the interest or pressing need of the worker or dependant warrants it, the Board may advance or pay to or for the worker or dependant such lump sum as the circumstances warrant. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 27.

Board may require employer to pay sum sufficient to commute

28.  The Board may require an employer, who is individually liable to pay the compensation, to pay to the Board a sum sufficient to commute any weekly or other periodical payments that are payable by the employer, and such sum shall be applied by the Board in the payment of such weekly or other periodical payments as they from time to time become payable, but, if the sum paid to the Board is insufficient to meet the whole of such weekly or other periodical payments, the employer is nevertheless liable to make such of them as fall due after the sum paid to the Board is exhausted and, if the sum paid is more than sufficient for that purpose, the excess shall be returned to the employer when the right to compensation comes to an end, unless otherwise ordered by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 28.

Board may require employer to insure workers

29.  The Board may require an employer, who is individually liable, to pay the compensation to insure the employer’s workers and keep them insured against accidents in respect of which the employer may become liable to pay compensation in a company approved by the Board for such amount as the Board may direct and, in default of the employer doing so, the Board may cause them to be so insured and may recover the expense incurred in so doing from the employer in the same way as payment of assessments may be enforced. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 29.

Where employer insured, Board may require insurer to pay amount payable to employer directly to Board

30.(1) Where an employer, who is individually liable to pay the compensation, is insured against the liability to pay compensation, the Board may require the insurance company or other underwriter to pay the sum that under the contract of insurance such company or underwriter would be liable to pay to the employer in respect of an accident to a worker who becomes or whose dependants become entitled to compensation under this Part, directly to the Board in discharge or in partial discharge of the compensation to which such worker or his or her dependants are found to be entitled.

Notice to be given to insurer

(2) Where a claim for compensation is made in any case to which subsection (1) applies, notice of the claim shall be given to the insurance company or other underwriter and to the employer, and the Board shall determine not only the question of the right of the worker or dependant to compensation but also the question whether the whole or any part of it should be paid directly by the insurance company or other underwriter as provided by subsection (1).

Section 27 to apply

(3) Section 27 applies to the compensation payable to the Board under subsection (1). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 30.

In case of permanent impairment employer may be required to pay capital sum

31.(1) Where the accident causes total or partial permanent impairment or the death of the worker and the compensation is payable by the employer individually, the Board may require the employer to pay to the Board such sum as in its opinion will be sufficient, with the interest thereon, to meet the future payments to be made to the worker or his or her  dependants, and such sum when paid to the Board shall be invested by it and shall form a fund to meet such future payments.

or to give security for payment of compensation

(2) Instead of requiring the employer to make the payment provided for by subsection (1), the Board may require the employer to give such security as it considers sufficient for the future payments. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 31.

Requiring deposits by employers in Schedule 2

32.  Where the Board considers it requisite for the prompt payment of claims, it may require any employer in Schedule 2 to make deposits of money with it from time to time, out of which it may pay compensation and health care for accidents to workers of such employer as they occur. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 32.

Provision for funds to pay increased compensation

33.(1) The additional money necessary to provide for increases of compensation in respect of past accidents may be levied and collected by the Board from the employers carrying on or previously carrying on industries under this Part in such manner and at such time or times as the Board considers most equitable and most in accordance with the general principles of this Act, and, in the case of Schedule 1 employers, the levy and collection may be by way of addition to the usual assessment or by levy of special or additional assessment or assessments, and, in the case of Schedule 2 employers, by way of additional deposit or capitalized amount as may be necessary to provide for such increases.

Power to grant exemptions in certain cases

(2) Where by reason of limit of legal liability or for other cause the Board considers it inequitable or inexpedient to apply subsection (1) to any pension award, the Board has power to exempt the same accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 33.

Compensation not payable during suspension

34.  Where a right to compensation is suspended under this Part, no compensation is payable in respect of the period of suspension. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 34.

Scale of Compensation

Compensation in case of death

35.(1) Where death results from an injury to a worker, a spouse who survives the worker shall be entitled to,

(a) compensation payable by way of a lump sum of $40,000 increased by the addition of $1,000 for each year of age of the spouse under forty years at the time of the worker’s death or reduced by the subtraction of $1,000 for each year of age of the spouse over forty years at the time of the worker’s death, but in no case shall a spouse receive a lump sum payment of more than $60,000 or less than $20,000;

(b) compensation by way of periodic payments in the manner and to the extent provided in this section; and

(c) the same counselling and vocational assistance as would be provided to a worker under section 52.

Vocational rehabilitation

(2) The spouse of a deceased worker may apply to the Board within one year after the worker’s death for a vocational rehabilitation assessment, and after an assessment the Board shall provide a vocational rehabilitation program to the spouse if the Board considers it appropriate to do so. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 35 (1, 2).

Idem

(3) Subsections 53(11), (12) and (13) apply with respect to a vocational rehabilitation program provided to a spouse.  R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 35 (3); 1994, c. 24, s. 6.

Spouse with children

(4) Where a deceased worker is survived by a spouse and one or more children, compensation in an amount equal to 90 per cent of the deceased worker’s net average earnings at the time of injury shall be payable to the spouse until the youngest child reaches the age of nineteen.

Spouse, no children

(5) Where the deceased worker is survived by a spouse  and no child or children, the spouse shall be entitled to a periodic payment of 40 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker adjusted by the addition of 1 per cent of the net average earnings for each year of age of the spouse over forty years at the time of the worker’s death or by the subtraction of 1 per cent of the net average earnings for each year of age of the spouse under forty years at the time of the worker’s death, but in no case shall the spouse receive a periodic payment of more than 60 per cent or less than 20 per cent of net average earnings of the deceased worker.

Dependent children, no spouse

(6) Where there is no spouse entitled to compensation or the spouse dies and the deceased worker,

(a) is survived by only one dependent child, the dependent child is entitled to compensation equal to 30 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury; or

(b) is survived by more than one dependent child, the dependent children are entitled as a class to compensation equal to 30 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of the injury, plus an additional amount of 10 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury for each additional dependent child over one to a maximum of 90 per cent of the net average earnings.

Idem

(7) Where, at the time of the death of the worker, there is no spouse entitled to receive a lump sum payment under clause (1)(a), the worker’s dependent child or children shall be entitled to receive in aggregate a total lump sum payment of $40,000 in addition to the compensation payable under subsection (6).

Dependants, no spouse or children

(8) Where a deceased worker is not survived by a spouse or by a dependent child or children and there are dependants, the dependants are entitled to reasonable compensation proportionate to the loss occasioned to the dependants by the death as determined by the Board, but in no case shall the total compensation exceed 50 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury, and the compensation shall be payable only so long as the worker could have been reasonably expected to continue to support the dependant or dependants if the deceased worker had not suffered injury.

Burial expenses

(9) Payment shall be made for the necessary expenses of burial or cremation of a deceased worker, as determined by the Board, which amount shall not be less than $1,500, and, where owing to the circumstances of the case the body of a worker is transported for a considerable distance for burial or cremation, a further sum, as determined by the Board, shall be paid for the necessary extra expenses so incurred.

Recalculation of spousal periodic payments

(10) Subject to subsection (11), where compensation has been paid under subsection (4) and no child is under the age of nineteen years, the spouse shall be entitled to payment of compensation under subsection (5) as if the worker had died on the day after the day the youngest child then living reached the age of nineteen years.

Education of children

(11) Where the Board is satisfied that it is advisable for a child or children over the age of nineteen to continue education, the Board shall pay in respect of each such child 10 per cent of the net average earnings of the worker at the time of the injury but the total benefit in respect of the spouse and such children shall not exceed 90 per cent of the net average earnings of the worker at the time of the injury.

When child payments cease

(12) Subject to subsections (10), (11) and (14), a monthly payment in respect of a child shall cease when the child attains the age of nineteen years or when the Board is satisfied that it is not advisable for a child over the age of nineteen to continue receiving an education.

Person in the role of parent

(13) Where a child or children is or are entitled to compensation under this section and is or are being maintained by a suitable person who is acting in the role of parent in a manner the Board considers satisfactory, such person while so doing is entitled to receive the same periodic payments of compensation for himself or herself and the child or children as if the person were a spouse of the deceased and in such case the child’s or children’s part of such payments shall be in lieu of the periodic payments that the child or children would otherwise be entitled to receive and, where there is more than one child and more than one person acting in the role of parent, the Board may in its discretion apportion the payments under this section accordingly and, where this subsection applies, the maximum amount payable under this section shall not exceed 90 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury.

Invalid child

(14) Compensation is payable to an invalid child without regard to the age of the child and shall continue until the child ceases to be an invalid or dies.

Deductions for C.P.P. and Q.P.P. payments

(15) In calculating the compensation payable by way of periodic payments under this section, the Board shall have regard to any payments of survivor benefits for death caused by injury that are received under the Canada Pension Plan or the Quebec Pension Plan in respect of the deceased worker.

Separated spouse

(16) A person who ceased to be a spouse by reason of living separate and apart from the deceased worker at the time of the worker’s death is entitled to compensation under this section as a spouse where the worker was or would have been required had the worker not died to make support, maintenance or alimony payments under a separation agreement or judicial order.

Idem

(17) Where there is more than one person entitled to receive periodic or lump sum payments under this section as a spouse and the periodic payments to those persons as provided in this section would in total exceed 90 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury and, or, the lump sum payments to these persons as provided in this  section would in total exceed $60,000, the total periodic payments shall be limited to 90 per cent of the net average earnings and the total lump sum payments shall be limited to $60,000 and the Board shall apportion payments that are so limited between those entitled in accordance with,

(a) the relative degrees of financial and emotional dependance on the deceased at the time of death;

(b) the period of separation, if any, from the deceased at the time of death; and

(c) the size of the relative entitlements of those so entitled without reference to this subsection.

Adjustment

(18) The amounts payable under this section as periodic payments shall be increased if the worker’s death occurred on or before the 30th day of June, 1985 by adding thereto a factor of 5 per cent effective the 1st day of July, 1985, but the total periodic payments after the application of this subsection shall not exceed 90 per cent of the net average earnings of the deceased worker at the time of injury, calculated as if the worker’s average earnings were the maximum amount determined under section 38. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 35 (4-18).

When compensation payable

36.  Compensation for disability shall be computed and payable from and including the day following the day of the accident or from the date of the disability, whichever is the later. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 36.

Temporary total disability

37.  (1) Where injury to a worker results in temporary total disability, the worker is entitled to compensation under this Act in an amount equal to 90 per cent of the worker’s net average earnings before the injury so long as temporary total disability continues or until the worker begins receiving payments under section 43.

Temporary partial disability

(2) Where temporary partial disability results from the injury, the compensation payable shall be,

(a) where the worker returns to employment, a weekly payment of 90 per cent of the difference between the net average weekly earnings of the worker before the injury and a net average amount that the worker is able to earn in some suitable employment or business after the injury; or

(b) where the worker does not return to work, a weekly payment in the same amount as would be payable if the worker were temporarily totally disabled, unless the worker,

(i) fails to co-operate in or is not available for a medical or vocational rehabilitation program which would, in the Board’s opinion, aid in getting the worker back to work, or

(ii) fails to accept or is not available for employment which is available and which in the opinion of the Board is suitable for the worker’s capabilities.

Deductions for C.P.P. and Q.P.P. payments

(3) In determining the amount to be paid under clause (2)(b), the Board shall have regard to any disability payments the worker receives under the Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan with respect to the injury and, if subclause (2)(b)(i) or (ii) applies, the compensation shall be a periodic amount proportionate to the degree of disability resulting from the injury as determined by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 37.

Maximum earnings

38.(1) For the purposes of this Act, the maximum amount of average earnings upon which the loss of earnings is to be calculated,

(a) effective on the 2nd day of January, 1990, is the maximum amount of average earnings determined under this section as it read immediately before the 2nd day of January, 1990;

(b) effective on the 1st day of January, 1991, is $42,000; and

(c) effective on the 1st day of January of each year after 1991, is 175 per cent of the average industrial wage for Ontario for the year, determined in accordance with subsection (3).

Application of Part IV

(2) Part IV of this Act does not apply to the maximum amount of average earnings determined under subsection (1).

Determination of the average industrial wage

(3) For the purposes of clause (1)(c), the average industrial wage for Ontario is an amount applicable from the 1st day of January to the 31st day of December in a year, the calculation of which is based upon the most recent published material that is available on the 1st day of July of the preceding year, and the amount of which is based upon the estimated weekly earnings industrial aggregate for Ontario as published by Statistics Canada. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 38.

Minimum compensation

39.(1) The minimum amount of compensation payable for temporary total disability shall be,

(a) $10,500 per annum where the net average earnings of the worker at the time of the accident are equal to or exceed $10,500 per year; or

(b) the net average earnings of the worker at the time of the accident where the net average earnings are less than $10,500 per year.

Idem

(2) The minimum amount of compensation payable for temporary partial disability shall be a proportionate amount of the minimum compensation payable under subsection (1) in accordance with the degree of disability.

Idem

(3) The minimum amount of compensation to which a spouse and child or children of a deceased worker are entitled under subsection 35(4) shall be $11,025 per year.

Idem

(4) The minimum amount of compensation to which a spouse of a deceased worker is entitled under subsection 35(5) shall be $11,025 per year multiplied by the percentage prescribed therein.

Idem

(5) The minimum amount of compensation to which a child or children of a deceased worker is or are entitled under subsection 35 (6) shall be $11,025 per year multiplied by the percentage prescribed therein. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 39.

Average earnings

40.(1) In determining the average earnings of a worker, the Board shall,

(a) calculate the daily or hourly rate of the worker’s earnings with the employer for whom the worker worked at the time of accident as is best calculated to give the rate per week at which the worker was remunerated at the time of the accident;

(b) if the calculation under clause (a) does not fairly represent the average earnings of the worker, upon application, the Board shall determine the worker’s average earnings with the employer for whom the worker worked at the time of the accident during the twelve months or such lesser period immediately preceding the accident when the worker was employed with the employer.

Idem

(2) Where owing to the shortness of the time during which the worker was in the employment of the employer or the casual nature of the employment or where it is impractical to calculate the average earnings at the time of the accident, regard may be had to the average earnings that during the twelve months prior to the accident was being earned by a person in the same grade employed at the same work by the same employer or, if there is no person so employed, then by a person in the same grade employed in the same class of employment in the same locality.

Idem

(3) Where the worker has entered into concurrent contracts of service with two or more employers under which the worker worked at one time for one of them and at another time for another of them, the worker’s average earnings shall be calculated on the basis of what the worker probably would have been earning if the worker had been employed solely in the employment of the employer for whom the worker was working at the time of the accident.

Definition

(4) For the purposes of subsection (2),

“employed at the same work by the same employer” means employment by the same employer in the grade in which the worker was employed at the time of the accident uninterrupted by absence from work due to illness or any other unavoidable cause.

Special expenses

(5) Where the employer was accustomed to paying the worker a sum to cover any special expenses entailed on the worker by the nature of the employment, that sum shall not be reckoned as part of the worker’s earnings.

Apprentices, learners and students

(6) Despite subsection (1), if a worker was an apprentice, learner or student at the time of the accident, the Board shall determine the worker’s average earnings using such criteria as may be prescribed by regulation.

Further benefits

(7) Where a worker, who has become entitled to benefits under this Act and has returned to employment, becomes entitled to payment for temporary disability by reason of any matter arising out of the original accident, the compensation payable for such temporary disability shall be paid on either the average earnings at the date of the accident or the average earnings at the date of the most recent employment of the worker, calculated in accordance with this Act, whichever is the greater. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 40.

Net average earnings

41.(1) The net average earnings of a worker shall be determined by the Board by deducting from the earnings of a worker,

(a) the probable income tax payable by the worker on the worker’s earnings;

(b) the probable Canada Pension Plan premiums payable by the worker; and

(c) the probable unemployment insurance premiums payable by the worker.

Idem

(2) The Board shall on the 1st day of January in each year establish a schedule setting forth a table of net average earnings based upon the provisions of this section and such schedule shall be deemed conclusive and final. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 41.

Non-economic loss where permanent impairment

42.(1) A worker who suffers permanent impairment as a result of an injury is entitled to receive compensation for non-economic loss in addition to any other benefit receivable under this Act.

Compensation for non-economic loss

(2) The compensation for a worker’s non-economic loss from an injury is determined by multiplying,

(a) the percentage of the worker’s permanent impairment arising from the injury as determined by the Board; and

(b) $45,000,

(i) plus $1,000 for each year of age of the worker under forty-five years at the time of the injury, to a maximum of $20,000, or

(ii) minus $1,000 for each year of age of the worker over forty-five years at the time of the injury, to a maximum of $20,000.

Payment

(3) If the compensation for non-economic loss is greater than $10,000, it shall be paid as a monthly payment for the life of the worker unless the worker elects to receive the compensation as a lump sum.

Idem

(4) If the compensation for non-economic loss is less than or equal to $10,000, it shall be paid as a lump sum.

Determination by Board

(5) The Board shall determine in accordance with the prescribed rating schedule and having regard to medical assessments conducted under this section the degree of a worker’s permanent impairment expressed as a percentage of total permanent impairment.

Medical assessment

(6) A medical practitioner who conducts a medical assessment under this section shall,

(a) examine the worker; and

(b) assess the extent of the worker’s permanent impairment, having regard to the existing and anticipated likely future consequences of the injury.

Idem

(7) In conducting a medical assessment, the medical practitioner shall consider any report by the treating physician of an injured worker.

Idem

(8) A medical practitioner shall promptly forward a copy of a medical assessment to the Board.

Requirement for medical assessment

(9) After maximum medical rehabilitation of an injured worker is achieved, a medical assessment of the worker shall be conducted.

Selection of medical practitioner

(10) The worker may select a medical practitioner from a roster provided by the Board who shall conduct the worker’s medical assessment.

Idem

(11) If a worker does not make a selection under subsection (10) within thirty days after the Board provides the worker with a roster of medical practitioners, a medical practitioner appointed by the Board shall conduct the medical assessment.

Notification of worker and employer

(12) The Board shall send a copy of a medical assessment conducted under subsection (9) to the worker and to the employer who employed the worker on the date of the injury.

Request for second assessment

(13) A worker, an employer or the Board may, within forty-five days after the medical assessment is sent under subsection (12), require a second medical assessment of the worker.

Notice

(14) A worker or an employer who requires a second medical assessment shall give notice thereof to the Board within the forty-five day period referred to in subsection (13).

Selection of medical practitioner

(15) If a second medical assessment is required, the Board shall provide the worker and the employer with a list of at least three medical practitioners selected from a roster, from among whom the worker and the employer, by agreement and within thirty days after receiving the list, may select a medical practitioner who shall conduct the medical assessment.

Idem

(16) If the worker and the employer fail to agree upon a medical practitioner to conduct the second medical assessment, the Board shall select a medical practitioner from a roster and, if possible, one who was not named on the list provided to the worker and the employer, and the medical practitioner selected shall conduct the medical assessment.

Idem

(17) If the Board considers it to be impractical to provide a list of medical practitioners under subsection (15) because of the nature of a worker’s impairment, the Board shall appoint such medical practitioner to conduct the second medical assessment as the Board considers appropriate.

Notification of worker and employer

(18) The Board shall send a copy of the second medical assessment to the worker and the employer.

Board determination

(19) The Board shall forthwith determine the degree of a worker’s permanent impairment,

(a) after the expiry of the forty-five day period referred to in subsection (14) if a second medical assessment was not required; or

(b) after it receives a copy of a second medical assessment if one was required.

Notice

(20) The Board shall give notice of its decision to the worker and the employer forthwith after determining the degree of a worker’s permanent impairment.

Unanticipated deterioration

(21) A worker may apply to the Board for a redetermination of the degree of the worker’s permanent impairment,

(a) if the Board has determined that the worker has a permanent impairment; and

(b) if the worker has suffered a significant deterioration of condition that was not anticipated at the time of the most recent medical assessment under this section.

Redetermination

(22) Subsections (5) to (20) apply to a redetermination as though it were an initial determination by the Board, with such modifications as the circumstances require.

Time for applying

(23) No worker may apply under subsection (21) until twelve months have elapsed from the most recent decision by the Board respecting the degree of permanent impairment of the worker.

Roster of medical practitioners

(24) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Board, may establish one or more rosters of medical practitioners who are qualified to conduct medical assessments under this section. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 42 (1-24).

Remuneration of medical practitioners

(25) A medical practitioner who conducts an assessment under this section shall be paid such sum for services and expenses as the president of the Board may determine. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 42 (25); 1994, c. 24, s. 7.

Application of subss. 76(3, 4)

(26) Subsections 76(3) and (4) apply with necessary modifications to all medical practitioners who conduct medical assessments under this section. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 42 (26).

Compensation for future loss of earnings

43.(1) A worker who suffers injury resulting in permanent impairment or resulting in temporary disability for twelve continuous months is entitled to compensation for future loss of earnings arising from the injury.

Duration of compensation

(2) An injured worker ceases to be eligible for compensation for future loss of earnings when the worker reaches sixty-five years of age.

Amount of compensation

(3) Subject to subsection (8), the amount of compensation payable to a worker for future loss of earnings arising from an injury is equal to 90 per cent of the difference between,

(a) the worker’s net average earnings before the injury; and

(b) the net average earnings that the worker is likely to be able to earn after the injury in suitable and available employment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 43 (1-3).

Application of subs. (3)

(4) In applying subsection (3) the following rules apply if the amount determined under clause (3) (b) is not zero and does not consist solely of payments described in clause (7) (b):

1. The net average earnings in clause (3) (a) shall be adjusted by applying the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1.3), for each January 1 since the day of the injury.

2. The amount of compensation calculated under subsection (3) shall be adjusted by,

i. multiplying, for each January 1 since the day of the injury, by the sum of one plus the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1) expressed as a fraction, and

ii. dividing, for each January 1 since the day of the injury, by the sum of one plus the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1.3) expressed as a fraction.

Same

(5) In applying subsection (3) the following rule applies if the amount determined under clause (3) (b) is zero or consists solely of payments described in clause (7) (b):

1. The net average earnings in clause (3) (a) shall be adjusted by applying the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1.3), for each January 1 since the day of the injury.

Same

(6) Subsections (4) and (5) apply in both an initial determination and in a review of a determination under subsection (13).

Indexing

(6.1) The amount of compensation payable under this section shall be adjusted on January 1 each year,

(a) if subsection (4) applied in the last calculation of compensation, by applying the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1) for each January 1 since the compensation was last determined or reviewed;

(b) if subsection (5) applied in the last calculation of compensation, by applying the indexing factor described in subsection 148 (1.3) for each January 1 since the compensation was last determined or reviewed. 1994, c. 24, s. 8 (1).

Earnings from suitable and available employment

(7) For the purposes of subsection (3), in determining the amount that a worker is likely to be able to earn in suitable and available employment, the Board shall have regard to,

(a) the net average earnings, if any, of the worker at the time the Board determines compensation under this section;

(b) any disability payments the worker may receive for the injury under the Canada Pension Plan or the Quebec Pension Plan;

(c) the personal and vocational characteristics of the worker;

(d) the prospects for successful medical and vocational rehabilitation of the worker;

(e) what constitutes suitable and available employment for the worker; and

(f) such other factors as may be prescribed in the regulations.

Election re: older workers

(8) A worker may elect to receive an amount equal to a full monthly pension for old age security under section 3 of the Old Age Security Act (Canada), including amendments thereto, instead of the amount of compensation determined under subsection (3) or (13) if the worker,

(a) is at least fifty-five years of age when the Board determines or reviews the amount of the worker’s compensation;

(b) has not returned to work; and

(c) is unlikely, in the opinion of the Board, to benefit from a vocational rehabilitation program which could help the worker return to work.

Supplement to compensation

(9) If a worker who is receiving compensation under this section is co-operating in a Board-authorized vocational or medical rehabilitation program,

(a) that began before the date of the Board’s review under clause (13)(a); or

(b) that began within twelve months after a determination is made under subsection 42(21) of an unanticipated deterioration in the worker’s condition,

the amount of compensation otherwise determined under this section shall be supplemented so that the total compensation payable to the worker while the worker is co-operating in the rehabilitation program is equal to 90 per cent of the worker’s pre-injury net average earnings.

Determination of compensation

(10) Where possible, the Board shall determine the amount of compensation payable to a worker under this section,

(a) in the twelfth consecutive month during which the worker is temporarily disabled;

(b) within one year after notice of the accident in which the worker was injured is given under section 22, if during that year the Board determines that the worker is permanently impaired; or

(c) within eighteen months after notice of the accident in which the worker was injured is given under section 22, if the worker’s medical condition precludes a determination within the time stated in clause (a) or (b), whichever applies. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 43 (7-10). 

Idem

(11) Clauses (10)(b) and (c) do not apply with respect to a worker who is permanently impaired by occupational  disease. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 43 (11); 1994, c. 24, s. 8 (2).

Idem

(12) The Board may extend the time limits set out in subsection (10) in the case of a worker who is not receiving compensation under this Act and whose entitlement to compensation is in dispute.

Review of amount of compensation

(13) Where possible, the Board shall review its determination of the amount of compensation payable to a worker under this section,

(a) in the twenty-fourth month after the date of its initial determination;

(b) in the sixtieth month after the date of its initial determination; and

(c) within twenty-four months after a reconsideration of the percentage of permanent impairment of a worker, under subsection 42(21), results in a determination of increased permanent impairment of the worker,

but the Board shall not vary the amount of compensation payable as a result of a review unless the amount of the variation would be equal to at least 10 per cent of the amount of compensation being paid at the time of the review.

Payment of compensation

(14) Compensation for future loss of earnings is payable in monthly or other periodic payments except as provided in subsection (15).

Commutation of amount payable

(15) If, following the review under clause (13)(b) or (c), the amount of compensation determined to be payable to a worker under this section is 10 per cent or less of the amount of compensation payable for full loss of earnings, the Board may commute the periodic amount payable to the worker to a lump sum unless the worker elects to receive the compensation in periodic payments. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 43 (12-15).

Benefits for loss of retirement income

44.(1) For the purpose of providing a worker who is receiving compensation under section 43 with a retirement pension, the Board shall set aside for the worker additional funds equal to 10 per cent of every payment made to the worker under section 43.

Payments deemed to be made to worker

(2) Payments to the spouse or dependants of a worker made by the Board under section 48 out of funds otherwise payable to the worker under section 43 shall be deemed to be payments to the worker for the purposes of subsection (1).

Entitlement to retirement income

(3) Each worker on whose behalf the Board sets aside funds under subsection (1), upon reaching sixty-five years of age, shall receive a retirement pension under this section.

Survivor benefits

(4) If a worker dies before beginning to receive or while receiving a retirement pension under this section, the spouse and dependants of the worker shall receive such benefits as may be prescribed by regulation.

Exception

(5) Despite subsection (4), a spouse and dependants who receive compensation under section 35 in respect of a worker are not entitled to receive benefits under this section in respect of the worker.

Payment of retirement income

(6) A worker for whom funds are being set aside under subsection (1) may select the payment scheme for the worker’s retirement pension from among the schemes and subject to the restrictions prescribed in the regulations.

Idem

(7) Despite subsection (6), if the annual pension to which a worker becomes entitled upon reaching sixty-five years of age is less than $1,000, the Board shall pay the worker’s retirement pension under this section as a lump sum.

Calculation of pensions and benefits

(8) Retirement pensions and other benefits payable to or in respect of a worker under this section shall be calculated on the basis of the funds set aside for the worker plus the accumulated investment income thereon.

Employer payment

(9) An employer that is individually liable to pay compensation under this Act shall pay the funds set aside under subsection (1) to the Board.

Fund to be established

(10) The Board shall establish a fund into which funds set aside under subsection (1) shall be deposited and shall invest the fund in accordance with such procedures and restrictions as may be set out in the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 44.

Matters to be considered in fixing payments

45.(1) In fixing the amount of compensation to be paid to a worker or his or her dependants regard shall be had to any payment, allowance or benefit paid to them by the worker’s employer in respect of the worker’s accident, including any gratuity or other allowance provided wholly at the expense of the employer.

Payment to employer out of accident fund

(2) Where the compensation is payable out of the accident fund, any sum deducted from the compensation under subsection (1) may be paid to the employer out of the accident fund. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 45.

Provision for fortnightly or monthly payments

46.  Where it is considered advisable, the Board may provide that the payments of compensation shall be fortnightly or monthly instead of weekly or, where the worker or dependant is not a resident of Ontario or ceases to reside therein, may fix the periods of payment otherwise or commute the compensation as the Board considers proper. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 46.

Commuting compensation for lump sum

47.  The Board, for the purpose of enabling the worker to obtain an artificial member, or in any other case where it considers it proper, may, at any time or times, make or direct partial commutation or lump sum payment of the worker’s compensation, or otherwise alter the form of payment, as in the circumstances seems most for the worker’s advantage. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 47.

Deduction for family support

48.  (1) This section applies if a person is entitled to compensation under this Act and his or her spouse (as defined in Part III of the Family Law Act) or dependants are entitled to support or maintenance under a court order or domestic contract.

Same

(2) The Board shall pay all or part of the amount owing to the person under this Act,

(a) in accordance with a garnishment notice issued by a court in Ontario and served upon the Board; or

(b) in accordance with a notice of a support deduction order served by the Director of the Family Responsibility Office upon the Board.

Limits and procedures

(3) For the purposes of this section,

(a) garnishment of periodic payments is subject to the limits and procedures set out in subsections 7 (1) to (5) of the Wages Act and compensation payable under this Act, other than funds set aside under this Act for the purpose of providing a person who is receiving compensation under this Act with a retirement pension, shall be deemed to be wages for the purposes of the Wages Act;

(b) deduction of compensation under a notice of a support deduction order shall be subject to the limits and procedures set out in the Family Responsibility and Support Arrears Enforcement Act, 1996. 1996, c. 31, s. 72 (1).

Payments in case of minor, etc.

49.  If a worker or a dependant is under the age of eighteen years or is of unsound mind or in the opinion of the Board is incapable of managing his or her own affairs, any benefits to which the worker or dependant is entitled may be paid on his or her behalf to his or her parent, spouse or committee or to the Public Trustee or may be paid to such other person or applied in such manner as the Board considers in the best interest of such worker or dependant, and when paid to the Public Trustee, it is the duty of the Public Trustee to receive and administer any such money for the benefit of the worker or dependant. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 49.

Health Care

Health care, etc., during impairment

50.(1) Every worker who is entitled to compensation under this Part or who would have been so entitled had the worker been disabled beyond the day of the accident is entitled,

(a) to such health care as may be necessary as a result of the injury;

(b) to make the initial choice of doctor or other qualified practitioner for the purposes of this section;

(c) where, in the opinion of the Board, the worker is rendered helpless through permanent total impairment, to such other treatment, services or attendance as may be necessary as a result of the injury.

Definition

(2) In this Act,

“health care” means medical, surgical, optometrical and dental aid, the aid of drugless practitioners under the Drugless Practitioners Act, the aid of chiropodists under the Chiropody Act, hospital and skilled nursing services, such artificial members and such appliances or apparatus as may be necessary as a result of the injury and the replacement or repair thereof when deemed necessary by the Board.

Payment for repair of artificial member or apparatus, etc.

(3) The Board may pay and, where the employer is individually liable, the Board may order the employer to pay,

(a) for the replacement or repair of an artificial member or apparatus of a worker that is damaged as a result of an accident in the employment; and

(b) on application, an allowance not exceeding $368 a year for the replacement or repair of clothing worn or damaged by reason of the wearing of a lower limb prosthesis or a back brace for a permanent back impairment or a permanent leg brace, and not exceeding $184 a year in respect of an upper limb prosthesis where the lower or upper limb prosthesis, back brace or permanent leg brace is supplied by the Board,

and where the worker is unable to work because of the damage referred to in clause (a), he or she is entitled to compensation as though the inability to work had been caused by a personal injury within the meaning of subsection 4(1).

Payment for health care

(4) Health care shall be furnished or arranged for by the Board or as it may direct or approve and,

(a) in the industries in Schedule 1, shall be paid for out of the accident fund and the necessary amount shall be included in the assessments levied upon the employers; and

(b) in the industries in Schedule 2, the amount shall be paid by the employer of the injured worker to the Board for payment.

Accidents on or after Jan. 1st, 1915

(5) A worker is entitled to such health care as may be necessary, for an accident happening on or after the 1st day of January, 1915.

Questions to be determined by Board

(6) All questions as to the necessity, character and sufficiency of any health care furnished or to be furnished and as to payment for health care shall be determined by the Board.

Amount of charges for health care

(7) The fees or charges for health care shall not be more than would be properly and reasonably charged to the worker if the worker was paying them, and the amount thereof shall be determined by the Board, and no action for any amount larger than that determined by the Board under this subsection lies against the Board and no action in respect of such fees and charges lies against the injured worker, his or her employer or any other person.

Rendering of accounts for health care

(8) Where accounts for payment of health care are not received by the Board within such time as the Board may prescribe, the Board may impose such penalty by way of a percentage reduction in the amount of the account as it may prescribe. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 50 (1-8).

(9) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 5.

First-aid appliances may be directed by Board

(10) Employers in industries in which it is considered proper may be required by the Board to maintain as may be directed by the Board such first-aid appliances and service as the Board may direct, and the Board may make such order respecting the expense thereof as may be considered just.

Duty of employer to furnish transportation

(11) Every employer shall at the employer’s own expense furnish to any worker injured in the employer’s employment, who is in need of it, immediate conveyance and transportation to a hospital or a physician, located within the area or within a reasonable distance of the place of injury, or to the worker’s home, and any employer failing so to do is liable, on order of the Board, to pay for such conveyance and transportation as may be procured by the worker or by anyone for the worker, or as may be provided by the Board.

Further health care

(12) Where, in conjunction with or apart from the health care to which workers are entitled free of charge, further or other service or benefit is, or is proposed to be, given or arranged for, any question arising as to whether or to what extent any contribution from workers is or would be one prohibited by this Act shall be determined by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 50 (10-12).

Medical Reports

Reports of physicians, etc.

51.  (1) Every physician, surgeon, hospital official or other person attending, consulted respecting, or having the care  of, any worker shall furnish to the Board from time to time such reports as may be required by the Board in respect of such worker. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 51.

Report re return to work

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a health professional who receives a request from a worker or the employer shall provide each of them and the Board with a report containing the prescribed information.

Conditions under which report is required

(3) A health professional is required to provide a report in accordance with subsection (2) only if,

(a) the worker consents; and

(b) the prescribed requirements, if any, are satisfied.

Payment

(4) The Board shall determine the reasonable costs of the reports provided under this section and shall pay them.

Reports privileged

(5) Every report under subsection (2) is deemed to be a privileged communication of the person making it, and unless it is proved that it was made maliciously, is not admissible as evidence or subject to production in any court in an action or proceeding against the person providing it.

Definition of health professional

(6) In this section,

“health professional” means a member of the College of a health profession as defined in the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991. 1994, c. 24, s. 9.

Rehabilitation

Aid to injured workers

52.  To aid in getting injured workers back to work and to assist in lessening or removing any handicap resulting from their injuries, the Board may take such measures and make such expenditures as it may deem necessary or expedient, and the expense thereof shall be borne, in Schedule 1 cases, out of the accident fund and, in Schedule 2 cases, by the employer individually, and may be collected in the same manner as compensation or expenses of administration. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 52.

Vocational rehabilitation

53.(1) This section applies in respect of a worker who is receiving or has received benefits under section 37 and in respect of the employer. 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (1).

Early assessment

(2) Within forty-five days after notice of an accident under section 22 is filed, the Board shall contact a worker who has not returned to work, for the purpose of identifying the worker’s need for vocational rehabilitation services. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 53 (2).

Same

(2.1) Promptly after contacting the worker, the Board shall contact the employer for the purpose of identifying the employer’s need for vocational rehabilitation services. 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (2).

Vocational rehabilitation services

(3) The Board shall provide the worker and the employer with vocational rehabilitation services if the Board considers it appropriate to do so. 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (3).

Idem

(4) Vocational rehabilitation services provided under subsection (3) may include consultation, the provision of information and the planning and design of a vocational rehabilitation program.

Second contact re: assessment

(5) The Board shall offer a vocational rehabilitation  assessment to every worker,

(a) who has not returned to the worker’s pre-injury employment or to alternative employment of a nature and at earnings comparable to the pre-injury employment within six months after notice of the accident under section 22 is filed;

(b) who is not receiving vocational rehabilitation services; and

(c) who is not receiving or has not received a vocational rehabilitation program.

Idem

(6) If a worker is medically unable to undergo an assessment when contacted by the Board under subsection (5), the Board shall make the offer of assessment within a reasonable time after the worker becomes medically able to undergo assessment.

Assessment

(7) The Board shall provide a vocational rehabilitation assessment to a worker who accepts an offer and the assessment may include an evaluation of the worker’s functional abilities, vocational skills, aptitude, educational attainment, literacy and language skills.

Results of assessment

(8) The Board shall give written notice to the worker and the employer forthwith of the results of a vocational rehabilitation assessment conducted under subsection (7) and shall send the worker a copy of the assessment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 53 (4-8).

Determination re: vocational rehabilitation program

(9) The Board, after consultation with the worker and the employer and having regard to the results of an assessment under subsection (7), shall determine within thirty days after the Board receives the assessment results whether the worker needs a vocational rehabilitation program and shall give written notice to the worker and the employer of its determination. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 53 (9); 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (4).

Vocational rehabilitation

(10) If the Board determines, as a result of an assessment or otherwise, that a worker requires a vocational rehabilitation program, the Board in consultation with the worker, the employer and, if possible, any health professional treating the worker shall design and provide one.

Definition of health professional

(10.1) In subsection (10),

“health professional” means a member of the College of a health profession as defined in the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991. 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (5).

Particulars of program

(11) A vocational rehabilitation program may include vocational training, language training, general skills upgrading, refresher courses, employment counselling (including training in job search skills and in the identification of employment opportunities) and assistance in adapting the workplace of an employer to accommodate the worker. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 53 (11); 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (6).

Same

(12) A vocational rehabilitation program may include assistance in seeking employment for a period of up to six months after the worker is available for employment.

Extension of time limit

(13) At the request of the worker or the employer or on its own initiative, the Board may extend the period during which a worker is to be assisted in seeking employment for a further period of up to six months. 1994, c. 24, s. 10 (7).

Obligation to Re-Employ

Obligation to re-employ

54.(1) The employer of a worker who as a result of an injury has been unable to work and who, on the date of the injury, had been employed continuously for at least one year by the employer shall offer to re-employ the worker in accordance with this section.

Determination re return to work

(2) The Board shall determine,

(a) with respect to an injured worker who has not returned to work with the pre-injury employer, whether the worker is medically able to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment or is medically able to perform suitable work; and

(b) with respect to an injured worker who the Board has previously determined to be medically able to perform suitable work, whether the worker is medically able to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment.

Board to notify employer

(3) The Board shall notify the employer upon determining that the worker is able to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment or is medically able to perform suitable work.

Obligation to re-employ

(4) Upon receiving notice from the Board that a worker is able to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment, the employer shall offer to reinstate the worker in the position the worker held on the date of injury or offer to provide the worker with alternative employment of a nature and at earnings comparable to the worker’s employment on that date.

Idem

(5) Upon receiving notice from the Board that a worker, although unable to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment, is medically able to perform suitable work, the employer shall offer the worker the first opportunity to accept suitable employment that may become available with the employer.

Impaired worker

(6) In order to fulfil the employer’s obligations under this section, the employer shall accommodate the work or the workplace to the needs of a worker who is impaired as a result of the injury to the extent that the accommodation does not cause the employer undue hardship.

Notification of Board

(7) An employer shall give written notice to the Board of the particulars of the way in which the employer intends to accommodate the work or the workplace to the needs of a worker under subsection (6).

Duration of obligation

(8) An employer is obligated under this section until the day that is the earliest of,

(a) two years after the date of the injury to the worker;

(b) one year after the date the Board notifies the employer that the worker is medically able to perform the essential duties of the worker’s pre-injury employment; and

(c) the date the worker reaches sixty-five years of age.

Construction industry requirements

(9) Employers engaged primarily in construction shall comply with such requirements to re-employ workers who perform construction work as may be prescribed in the regulations and subsections (4) to (8) do not apply in respect of such employers in relation to such workers.

Termination of re-employment

(10) An employer who, having re-employed a worker in accordance with this section, terminates the employment within six months, is presumed, unless the contrary is shown, not to have fulfilled the employer’s obligations under this section.

Determination re: employer compliance

(11) A worker may apply to the Board for a determination whether the employer has fulfilled the employer’s obligations to the worker under this section and the Board shall make the determination. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 54 (1-11).

Same

(11.1) On its own initiative, the Board may determine whether the employer has fulfilled the employer’s obligations to the worker under this section. 1994, c. 24, s. 11.

Limitation period

(12) The Board is not required to consider an application under subsection (11) by a worker who has been re-employed and whose employment is terminated within six months if it is made more than three months after the date of termination of employment.

Consequences of non-compliance

(13) If the Board finds that an employer has not fulfilled the employer’s obligations under this section, the  Board may,

(a) levy a penalty on the employer of a maximum of the amount of the worker’s net average earnings for the year preceding the injury; and

(b) make payments to the worker for a maximum of one year as if the worker were entitled to compensation under section 37, and subsections 37(2) and (3) apply to the payments with such modifications as the circumstances may require.

Conflict with collective agreement

(14) If this section conflicts with a collective agreement that is binding upon the employer and if the obligations of the employer under this section in respect of a worker afford the worker greater re-employment terms in the circumstances than the terms available to the worker under the collective agreement, this section prevails over the collective agreement.

Idem

(15) Subsection (14) does not operate to displace the seniority provisions of a collective agreement.

Application

(16) This section does not apply in respect of,

(a) employers who regularly employ fewer than twenty workers; or

(b) such classes or subclasses of employers and workers as may be exempted by the regulations.

Emergency workers

(17) If a worker is injured while engaged in employment described in subsection 1(2) or (4), the worker’s employer, other than the employer described in subsection 1(2) or (4), shall be deemed to be the employer for the purposes of this section.

Idem

(18) If an employer re-employs a worker to whom subsection (17) applies, the employer described in subsection 1(2) or (4) shall pay the costs incurred in complying with subsection (6). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 54 (12-18).

Workers’ Compensation Board

Board continued

55.(1) The body corporate known as the Workers’ Compensation Board is continued under the name Workers’ Compensation Board in English and Commission des accidents du travail in French.

Corporations Act not to apply

(2) The Corporations Act does not apply to the corporation and, subject to this Act, the corporation shall have the capacity and powers of a natural person. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 55.

Board of directors

56.  (1) A board of directors shall be appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council to govern the corporation and to exercise the powers and perform the duties of the Board.

Composition

(1.1) The board of directors shall be composed of,

(a) the chair;

(b) the president; and

(c) a minimum of three and a maximum of seven members who are representative of workers, employers and such others as the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers appropriate.

Consultation re president

(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council shall consult with the chair and the members described in clause (1.1) (c) before appointing the president.

Transition

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply with respect to the first president appointed upon the coming into force of subsection (1.1). 1995, c. 5, s. 6 (2).

(2.2) REPEALED: 1995, c. 5, s. 6 (2).

Vacancy

(3) The board of directors may act despite a vacancy in its membership.

Absence of chair

(4) The chair shall decide which of the directors shall act as chair in his or her absence.  If the chair does not do so, the board of directors may decide which of them shall act in the chair’s absence. 1994, c. 24, s. 12.

Transition

(5) An appointment of a president by the Lieutenant Governor in Council made on or after November 1, 1995 and before the date on which the Workers’ Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Amendment Act, 1995 receives Royal Assent shall be deemed to have been authorized under the Act at the time it was made.

Same

(6) The termination by the Lieutenant Governor in Council on November 1, 1995 of the appointment of each member of the board of directors then in office shall be deemed to have been authorized by law at the time it occurred.

Same

(7) No proceeding may be commenced or continued in which a decision of the Lieutenant Governor in Council appointing or replacing a president during the period beginning on November 1, 1995 and ending on the date on which the Workers’ Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Amendment Act, 1995 receives Royal Assent is challenged.

Same

(8) No proceeding may be commenced or continued in which the decision of the Lieutenant Governor in Council terminating the appointments of the board of directors as it existed on October 31, 1995 is challenged.

Same

(9) No proceeding may be commenced or continued in which the validity of a decision of the president is challenged solely on the grounds that he or she did not have the authority to exercise the powers and perform the duties of the board of directors, the chair or a vice-chair or the president during the period beginning on November 1, 1995 and ending on the date on which the Workers’ Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Amendment Act, 1995 receives Royal Assent.

Same

(10) A decision in a proceeding described in subsection (7), (8) or (9) made before the Workers’ Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Amendment Act, 1995 receives Royal Assent is unenforceable. 1995, c. 5, s. 6 (3).

Remuneration, etc., of directors

57.  The remuneration, benefits and expenses of the directors shall be determined from time to time by the Lieutenant Governor in Council and such remuneration, benefits and expenses shall be part of the administrative expenses of the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 57.

Duty of the board of directors

58.  (1) The members of the board of directors shall act in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Board and shall exercise the care, diligence and skill of a reasonably prudent person. 1994, c. 24, s. 13.

Same

(2) The board of directors shall act in a financially responsible and accountable manner in exercising its powers and performing its duties. 1995, c. 5, s. 7.

59.  Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 8.

Disqualification in certain cases

60.(1) The chair, the president and the chair of the Appeals Tribunal shall not directly or indirectly,

(a) have, purchase, take or become interested in any industry to which this Part applies or any bond, debenture or other security of the person owning or carrying it on;

(b) be the holder of shares, bonds, debentures or other securities of any company that carries on the business of employers’ liability or accident insurance;

(c) have any interest in any device, machine, appliance, patented process or article that may be required or used for the prevention of accidents. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 60 (1); 1994, c. 24, s. 14 (1); 1995, c. 5, s. 9 (1).

Idem

(2) If any such industry, or interest therein, or any such share, bond, debenture, security or thing comes to or becomes vested in the chair, the president or the chair of the Appeals Tribunal by will or by operation of law and he or she does not within three months thereafter sell and absolutely dispose of it, he or she ceases to hold office. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 60 (2); 1994, c. 24, s. 14 (2); 1995, c. 5, s. 9 (2).

Offices of Board

61.(1) The main offices of the Board shall be situate in The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.

Place of meeting

(2) The board of directors may meet or hold meetings in any place in Ontario as is considered convenient. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 61.

Board may act on report of officers

62.(1) The Board may act upon the report of any of its officers.

Powers of Board

(2) Any inquiry that the Board considers necessary to make may be made by any director or officer of the Board or by some other person appointed by the Board to make the inquiry, and the Board may act upon his or her report as to the result of the inquiry. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 62.

Power of Board to make regulations

63.(1) Subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Board may make such regulations as may be considered expedient for carrying out the provisions of this Part. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 63 (1).

Idem

(2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may make regulations,

(a) prescribing classes for the purposes of clause (b) of the definition of “training agency” in subsection 3.1 (1);

(a.1) prescribing, for the purposes of subsections 35 (15) and 37 (3), clause 43 (7) (b) and subsection 147 (9), the way in which payments received under the Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan are to be included in the calculation of compensation, of the amount that a worker is able to earn or of the sum of a supplement and an award, as the case may be;

(b) establishing criteria for determining the average earnings of an apprentice, learner or full-time or part-time student for the purposes of subsection 40(6);

(c) establishing, for the purposes of medical assessments under section 42, a rating schedule setting out the degree of permanent impairment for specified types of permanent impairment and setting out criteria for assessing the degree of permanent impairment of other types of permanent impairment;

(d) establishing criteria for assessing the personal and vocational characteristics of a worker, for the purposes of clause 43(7)(c);

(e) establishing criteria for determining what constitutes suitable and available employment for a worker, for the purposes of clause 43(7)(e);

(f) prescribing factors to be considered by the Board for the purposes of clause 43(7)(f);

(g) governing pensions payable to workers, their spouses and their dependants under section 44;

(h) governing the investment of amounts in, and payments out of, the fund established under subsection 44(10);

(h.1) prescribing information for the purposes of subsection 51 (2) about the ability of a worker to return to work and about any restrictions affecting the worker’s ability to perform work on his or her return;

(h.2) prescribing requirements, for the purposes of clause 51 (3) (b), that must be satisfied before a health professional is required to provide a report under subsection 51 (2);

(i) exempting classes or subclasses of employers or workers from the application of section 54;

(j) establishing criteria for determining the essential duties of a position, for the purpose of subsection 54(2);

(k) establishing criteria for determining what constitutes alternative employment of a nature and at earnings comparable to a worker’s pre-injury employment, for the purpose of subsection 54(4);

(l) establishing criteria for determining what constitutes suitable employment, for the purpose of subsection 54(5);

(m) governing the requirements for re-employing workers, for the purpose of subsection 54(9);

(n) establishing criteria for determining how many workers are regularly employed by an employer, for the purpose of clause 54(16)(a). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 63 (2); 1994, c. 24, s. 15.

Idem

(3) For the purposes of clause (2)(e), in establishing criteria for determining what constitutes suitable and available employment for a worker, the Board shall have regard to,

(a) the fitness of the worker to perform the work;

(b) the health and safety consequences to the worker in working in the environment in which the work is performed in light of the impairment;

(c) the existence and location of potential employment opportunities for the worker in the labour market in which the worker is expected to be employed; and

(d) the likelihood of the worker securing employment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 63 (3).

(4) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 10.

Power to acquire real property

64. Subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Board may purchase or otherwise acquire such real property, as it may consider necessary for its purposes, and may, with the like approval, sell or otherwise dispose of any such property. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 64.

Meetings of Board

65.(1) Meetings of the Board shall be held at the call of the chair but in no case shall more than two months elapse between meetings of the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 65 (1).

Quorum

(2) Five members of the board of directors constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business at meetings of the Board and a decision of a majority is the decision of the board of directors. 1994, c. 24, s. 16 (1); 1995, c. 5, s. 11.

Powers of Board

(3) The Board has power to,

(a) establish the assessment policies of the Board;

(b) review this Act and the regulations and recommend amendments or revisions thereof;

(c) consider and approve annual operating and capital budgets;

(d) review and approve investment policies of the Board;

(e) review and approve major changes in programs of the Board;

(f) enact by-laws and pass resolutions for the adoption of a seal and the conduct of its business and affairs;

(g) establish, maintain and regulate advisory councils or committees, their functions and composition;

(h) enter into agreements with the government of Canada or any province or territory in Canada, or the appropriate authority thereof, providing for co-operation in matters relating to compensation for or rehabilitation of workers disabled or impaired by injuries arising out of and in the course of employment and avoiding any duplication of compensation;

(i) subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council enter into agreements with any state, government or authority outside Canada providing for co-operation in matters relating to compensation for or rehabilitation of workers disabled or impaired by injuries arising out of and in the course of employment and avoiding any duplication of compensation;

(j) undertake and carry on such investigations, research and training and make grants to individuals, institutions and organizations for investigations, research and training in such amounts and upon such terms and conditions as the Board considers acceptable; and

(k) subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, for the purpose of administering this Act, enter into agreements with the Government of Canada or any province or territory of Canada, or with a ministry, board, commission or agency of such a government, under which the government, ministry, board, commission or agency will be allowed access to information obtained by the Board under this Act and will allow the Board access to information the government, ministry, board, commission or agency has obtained under statutory authority. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 65 (3); 1994, c.8, s.37; 1994, c. 24, s. 16 (2, 3).

Duties

(3.1) The board of directors shall monitor the developments in understanding the relationship between work, injury, occupational disease and workers’ compensation,

(a) so that generally accepted advances in health sciences and related disciplines are reflected in benefits, services, programs and policies in a way that is consistent with the purposes of this Act; and

(b) in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the workers’ compensation system.

Evaluation of proposed changes

(3.2) The board of directors shall evaluate the consequences of any proposed change in benefits, services, programs and policies to ensure that the purposes of this Act are achieved. 1994, c. 24, s. 16 (4).

Delegation

(4) The board of directors may delegate in writing any of the Board’s powers or duties, subject to such limitations, conditions and requirements as are set out in the delegation, to any director, officer or employee of the Board who may act in the place and stead of the board of directors and when a delegate acts in the place and stead of the board of directors, it shall be presumed conclusively that the delegate acted in accordance with the delegation. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 65(4).

Policy directions

65.1  (1) The Minister may issue policy directions that have been approved by the Lieutenant Governor in Council on matters relating to the Board’s exercise of its powers and performance of its duties under this Act.

Same

(2) In exercising a power or performing a duty under this Act, the Board shall respect any policy direction that relates to its exercise.

Report

(3) The Board shall report to the Minister whenever it exercises a power or performs a duty that relates to a policy direction. 1994, c. 24, s. 17.

(4) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 12.

Memorandum of understanding

65.2  (1) Every five years, the Board and the Minister shall enter into a memorandum of understanding containing only such terms as may be directed by the Minister.

Contents

(2) The memorandum of understanding must impose the following requirements:

1. Each year, the Board must give the Minister a strategic plan setting out its plans for the following five years.

2. The Board must give the Minister an annual statement setting out its proposed priorities for administering the Act and regulations.

3. The Board must give the Minister an annual statement of its investment policies and goals.

Same

(2.1) The memorandum of understanding must address any matter that may be required by order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council or by a direction of Management Board of Cabinet.

Same

(2.2) The memorandum of understanding may address the following matters:

1. Any direction by the Minister about programs to be reviewed under subsection 77 (2).

2. Any matter proposed by the Board and agreed to by the Minister.

3. Any other matter the Minister considers appropriate. 1995, c. 5, s. 13.

Compliance

(3) The Board shall comply with the memorandum of understanding in exercising its powers and performing its duties under this Act. 1994, c. 24, s. 18.

Collection of debts

66.  (1) The Board may deduct from money payable to a person by the Board all or part of a debt due to the Board from the person.

Remedies

(2) The Board may pursue such other remedies as it considers appropriate to recover a debt due to it. 1995, c. 5, s. 14.

Certified copies of records, etc., as evidence

67.  Every copy of or extract from an entry in any book or record of the Board or of or from any document filed with the Board, certified by the secretary of the Board or by such other officer of the Board as may be appointed for that purpose by the chair to be a true copy or extract under the seal of the Board shall be received in any court as evidence of the matter so certified without proof of the secretary’s or other officer’s appointment, authority or signature. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 67.

Superannuation Fund continued

68.(1) The fund for the payment of superannuation allowances or allowances upon the death or disability of a full-time member of the board of directors or an employee of the Board, is continued under the name Workers’ Compensation Board Superannuation Fund in English and Caisse de retraite des membres et des employés de la Commission des accidents du travail in French.

Regulations

(2) Subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Board may make regulations,

(a) providing for contributions to the superannuation fund by the full-time members of the board of directors and employees of the Board;

(b) providing for the terms and conditions upon which any superannuation or other allowance shall be payable out of the superannuation fund and the persons to whom the superannuation or other allowance may be paid;

(c) providing for the terms and conditions upon which funds will be received and transferred under subsections (9), (10) and (11);

(d) providing for the terms and conditions under which agreements may be entered into under subsection (11).

Deeming provision

(3) For the purposes of this section, the following individuals shall be deemed to be employees of the Board:

1. The employees of designated associations formed under subsection 135 (1).

2. The employees of designated corporations for accident prevention, the members of which are employees within the meaning of section 135.

3. The employees of safety and accident prevention associations described in subclause 16 (1) (n) (ii) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

Idem

(4) The Board may designate associations and corporations for the purposes of subsection (3).

Idem

(5) For the purposes of this section, every employee who, on the 10th day of April, 1952, was in the service of an association or corporation described in subsection (3) shall be deemed to have become an employee of the Board on the date on which he or she last entered the service of the association or corporation.

Idem

(6) On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, the employees of safety and accident prevention associations described in subclause 16 (1) (n) (ii) of the Occupational Health and Safety Act cease to be deemed to be employees of the Board.

Repeal

(7) Paragraph 3 of subsection (3) is repealed on a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor.

Cost of administering fund

(8) The cost of maintaining and administering the superannuation fund shall be deemed part of the cost of the administration of this Act and is chargeable to the accident fund.

Transfer from superannuation fund to like fund

(9) Where a full-time member of the board of directors or employee of the Board becomes a member of the public service of Canada or the civil service of any province of Canada or of the civic service of any municipality or of the staff of any board, commission or public institution established under any Act of the Legislature of any province or of the Parliament of Canada, a sum of money equal to his or her contributions and credits in the superannuation fund or such portion thereof as the Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, determines, shall be paid out of the superannuation fund into any like fund maintained to provide superannuation benefits for the members of such public, civil or civic service or staff, as the case may be.

Transfer to superannuation fund

(10) Where a member of the public service of Canada or the civil service of any province of Canada or of the civic service of any municipality or of the staff of any board, commission or public institution established under any Act of the Legislature of any province or of the Parliament of Canada becomes a contributor to the superannuation fund and a sum of money is paid into the superannuation fund in respect of the period during which he or she made contributions as a public, civil or civic servant, or an employee of any board, commission or public institution, the Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may allow him or her such credit in the superannuation fund in respect of the sum and the period of service represented thereby as is determined.

Agreements authorized

(11) Despite subsection (1) and the regulations made under subsection (2), the Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may enter into an agreement with any government, municipality, board, commission or public institution mentioned in subsection (9) or (10) to provide reciprocal arrangements for the transfer of contributions and credits and where such an agreement exists such transfer shall be in accordance with the agreement. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 68.

Applications, Appeals and Proceedings

General jurisdiction of Board

69.(1) Except as provided by this Act, the Board has exclusive jurisdiction to examine into, hear and determine all matters and questions arising under this Part and as to any matter or thing in respect of which any power, authority or discretion is conferred upon the Board, and the action or decision of the Board thereon is final and conclusive and is not open to question or review in any court and no proceeding by or before the Board shall be restrained by injunction, prohibition or other process or procedure in any court or be removable by application for judicial review or otherwise into any court. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 69 (1).

Specific jurisdiction of Board

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), such exclusive jurisdiction includes the power of determining,

(a) whether any industry or any part, branch or department of any industry falls within any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1, and, if so, which of them;

(b) whether any industry or any part, branch or department of any industry falls within any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 2, and, if so, which of them;

(c) whether any part of any such industry constitutes a part, branch or department of an industry within the meaning of this Part;

(d) the existence of, and degree of, disability or impairment by reason of any injury;

(e) the permanence of impairment by reason of any injury;

(f) the amount of average earnings;

(g) the future loss of earnings by reason of any injury;

(h) the existence of the relationship of member of the family within the meaning of subsection 1 (1);

(i) the existence of dependency;

(j) the question whether personal injury or death has been caused by accident;

(k) the question whether an accident arose out of and in the course of an employment within the scope of this Act;

(l) the net average earnings of a worker;

(m) whether a person is a spouse or child;

(m.1) whether vocational rehabilitation services or a vocational rehabilitation program is to be provided under section 53;

(n) whether an employer has fulfilled the employer’s obligation under section 54 to reinstate or re-employ a worker. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 69 (2); 1994, c. 24, s. 20.

Medical examination

(3) A worker who has made a claim for compensation or to whom compensation is payable under this Act shall, if requested by the Board, submit to a medical examination by a medical practitioner named by the Board.

Failure to be examined

(4) If a worker contravenes subsection (3) or in any way obstructs an examination without reasonable cause or excuse, the worker’s right to compensation or to a decision by the Board may be suspended by the Board until the examination has taken place. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 69 (3, 4).

Power to reconsider

70.  The Board may, at any time if it considers it advisable to do so, reconsider any decision, order, declaration or ruling made by it and vary, amend or revoke such decision, order, declaration or ruling. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 70.

Access to records by worker

71.(1) Subject to subsection (2), where there is an issue in dispute, upon request, the Board shall give a worker, or if deceased, the persons who may be entitled to benefits under section 35, full access to and copies of the Board’s file and records respecting the claim and the Board shall provide like access and copies to a representative of the worker upon presentation of a written authorization for that purpose signed by the worker, or if deceased, signed by a person who may be entitled to benefits under section 35.

Medical information

(2) Where the file or a record respecting the claim, in the opinion of the Board, contains medical or other information that would be harmful to the worker if given to the worker, the Board shall provide copies of such medical information to the worker’s treating physician instead of the worker or the worker’s representative and advise the worker or the representative that it has done so.

Access to records by employer

(3) Where there is an issue in dispute, upon request, the Board shall grant the employer access to copies of only those records of the Board that the Board considers to be relevant to the issue or issues in dispute and the Board shall provide like access and copies to a representative of the employer upon presentation of written authorization for that purpose signed by the employer.

Idem

(4) Where the employer or the employer’s representative is given access to and copies of records referred to in subsection (3), the worker or worker’s representative shall be informed of the access to and copies of records so given.

Idem

(5) Before granting access to the employer to medical reports and opinions under subsection (3), the Board shall notify the worker or claimant for compensation of the medical reports or opinions it considers relevant and permit written objections to be made within such time as may be specified in the notice before granting access to the employer and, after considering the objections, the Board may refuse access to the reports and opinions or may permit access thereto with or without conditions.

Appeal

(6) A worker, employer or party of record may appeal a decision of the Board made under this section within twenty-one days of the mailing of the Board’s decision and no access to or copies of the Board’s records shall be provided until the expiry of the twenty-one day period or until the Appeals Tribunal gives its decision, whichever is later.

Information confidential

(7) No employer or employer’s representative who obtains access to copies of any of the records of the Board shall disclose any medical information obtained therefrom except in a form calculated to prevent the information from being identified with a particular worker or case. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 71 (1-7).

(8) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 15.

Practice and procedure of Board

72.(1) The Board shall determine its own practice and procedure in relation to applications and proceedings and may, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, make rules governing such practice and procedure and the exercise of its powers in relation thereto and prescribe such forms as are considered advisable. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 72 (1).

Same

(1.1) For the purposes of subsection (1), the practice and procedure of the Board includes practice and procedure relating to mediation services provided by the Board. 1994, c. 24, s. 21.

Decisions to be communicated

(2) Every decision of the Board and the reasons therefor shall be communicated promptly in writing to the parties of record. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 72 (2).

Mediation

72.1  (1) The Board shall provide mediation services in the following circumstances:

1. If the surviving spouse of a deceased worker objects to a decision concerning whether a vocational rehabilitation program is to be provided to him or her or concerning the particulars of the program for the purposes of subsection 35 (2).

2. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision concerning the worker’s co-operation in or availability for a medical or vocational rehabilitation program or availability for employment for the purposes of clause 37 (2) (b).

3. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision concerning the worker’s co-operation in a vocational or medical rehabilitation program for the purposes of subsection 43 (9).

4. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision of the Board concerning measures or expenditures under section 52.

5. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision concerning whether vocational rehabilitation services are to be provided or concerning the particulars of a vocational rehabilitation program for the purposes of section 53.

6. When a worker makes an application under subsection 54 (11).

7. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision under subsection 54 (11.1).

8. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision of the Board under subsection 103 (4.1) as to whether the employer has failed to co-operate in vocational rehabilitation services or programs.

9. If a worker or an employer objects to a decision concerning the worker’s participation in a vocational rehabilitation program for the purposes of subsection 147 (3).

Optional mediation

(2) The Board may provide mediation services relating to a matter not described in subsection (1).

Time limit

(3) Unless the mediation is successful the Board shall finally determine the matter within 60 days after the Board receives the objection or application or within such longer period as the Board may permit.

Role of mediator

(4) The person who provides mediation services shall not participate in any application or proceeding relating to the matter that is the subject of the mediation unless the parties to the application or proceeding consent. 1994, c. 24, s. 22.

Principle of decision

73.(1) Any decision of the Board shall be upon the real merits and justice of the case, and it is not bound to follow strict legal precedent but shall give full opportunity for a hearing.

Non-application of Statutory Powers Procedure Act

(2) The proceedings and decisions of the Board shall not be subject to or affected in any way by the Statutory Powers Procedure Act, or by any rules made under it, and the provisions of this Act and the regulations made thereunder shall prevail  despite anything contained in the Statutory Powers Procedure Act, or rules made under it. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 73.

Specific powers of Board re hearings, etc.

74.  The Board has power,

(a) to summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give oral or written evidence on oath or affirmation and to produce such documents or things as the Board considers requisite to the full investigation and consideration of matters within its jurisdiction in the same manner as a court of record in civil cases;

(b) to accept such oral or written evidence as in its discretion it considers proper whether admissible in a court of law or not;

(c) to allow to a worker, spouse, child or dependant of a deceased worker or his or her witnesses travelling and living expenses and other allowances and such expenses and allowances shall be paid out of the accident fund as part of the administrative expenses of the Board;

(d) to require any person or corporation to post and to keep posted upon their premises in a conspicuous place or places, where they are most likely to come to the attention of all persons concerned, any notices that the Board considers necessary to bring to the attention of such persons in connection with any matter or proceeding under this Act;

(e) to enter into any premises where work is being or has been done by a worker or in which the employer carries on business whether or not the premises are those of the employer and inspect and view any work, material, machinery, appliance or article therein and interrogate any person respecting any matter and post therein any notice;

(f) to authorize any person to do anything that the Board may do and to report to the Board thereon. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 74.

Enforcement of orders of Board

75.(1) An order of the Board for the payment of compensation or health care by an employer who is individually liable to pay the compensation or health care or any other order of the Board for the payment of money made under the authority of this Part, or a copy of any such order certified by the secretary to be a true copy, may be filed with a local registrar of the Ontario Court (General Division) and, when so filed, becomes an order of that court and may be enforced as a judgment of the court.

Fees

(2) For the duties performed by him or her in connection with the filing of an order or certificate of the Board pursuant to this section or section 128, such local registrar is entitled to a fee of $1, and, despite any other provision or rule, any procedure provided for by either of such sections may be carried on by the Board by post without the necessity of personal attendance at any office. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 75.

Compellability in civil suit

76.(1) No member of the board of directors or officer or employee of the Board, or a person who is engaged by the Board to conduct an examination, test or inquiry or authorized to perform any function, shall be required to give testimony in any civil suit or proceeding to which the Board is not a party respecting any information, material, statement or result of any examination, test or inquiry acquired, furnished, obtained, made or received in the performance of his or her duties under this Act.

Idem

(2) Neither the Board, a member of the board of directors, officer or employee of the Board nor a person who is engaged by the Board to conduct an examination, test or inquiry or authorized to perform any function shall be required to produce in a civil suit to which the Board is not a party a document, extract, report, material or statement acquired, furnished, obtained, made or received in the performance of his, her or its duties under this Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 76 (1, 2).

Liability of directors, officers, employees, etc.

(3) No action or other proceeding for damages lies against a member of the board of directors, officer or employee of the Board or a person engaged by the Board to conduct an examination, test or inquiry or authorized to perform any function for an act or omission done or omitted by him or her in good faith in the execution or intended execution of any power or duty under this Act or the regulations.

Board liability

(4) Subsection (3) does not relieve the Board of any liability to which it would otherwise be subject. 1994, c. 24, s. 23 (1).

Note: Subsections 76 (3) and (4), as they read before January 1, 1995, continue to apply with respect to proceedings against the Crown,  

(a) commenced before January 1, 1995; or

(b) in respect of which a notice of claim is given under subsection 7 (1) of the Proceedings Against the Crown Act before January 1, 1995.  See: 1994, c. 24, s. 23 (2).

Audit of accounts

77.  (1) The accounts of the Board shall be audited by the Provincial Auditor or under his or her direction by an auditor appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council for that purpose and the salary and remuneration of the auditor so appointed shall be paid by the Board as part of its administrative expenses. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 77.

Value for money audit

(2) The board of directors shall ensure that a review is performed each year of the cost, efficiency and effectiveness of at least one program that is delivered by the Board.

Same

(3) The Minister may determine which program is to be reviewed.

Same

(4) The review must be performed under the direction of the Provincial Auditor by one or more public accountants who are licensed under the Public Accountancy Act. 1995, c. 5, s. 16.

Annual report

78.(1) The Board shall after the close of each year file with the Minister of Labour an annual report upon the affairs of the Board.

Tabling

(2) The Minister of Labour shall submit the report to the Lieutenant Governor in Council and shall then lay the report before the Assembly if it is in session or, if not, at the next session and the report shall then be referred to a standing committee of the Assembly.

Report by Board

(3) The Board shall after the close of each year file with the Superintendent of Insurance, in such detail as he or she may require, a report on the accident fund and the Superintendent of Insurance shall report thereon to the Minister of Labour.

Examination by Superintendent of Insurance

(4) The Superintendent of Insurance shall, whenever required by the Lieutenant Governor in Council or the Board, examine into the affairs and business of the Board for the purpose of determining as to the sufficiency of the accident fund and shall report thereon to the Lieutenant Governor in Council or the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 78.

Provincial grant

79.  To assist in defraying the expenses incurred in the administration of this Part, there shall be paid to the Board out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund such annual sum not exceeding $100,000 as the Lieutenant Governor in Council may direct. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 79.

Appeals Tribunal continued

80.  The Workers’ Compensation Appeals Tribunal is continued under the name Workers’ Compensation Appeals Tribunal in English and Tribunal d’appel des accidents du travail in French. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 80.

Composition of Appeals Tribunal

81.(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council shall appoint a chair of the Appeals Tribunal, one or more vice-chairs of the Appeals Tribunal and as many members of the Appeals Tribunal, equal in number, representative of employers and workers, respectively, as is considered appropriate.

Remuneration

(2) The remuneration, benefits and allowances of the members of the Appeals Tribunal shall be determined by the Lieutenant Governor in Council. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 81(1,2).

Officers and employees

(3) The chair of the Appeals Tribunal, subject to such guidelines as may be established by the Management Board of Cabinet, may establish job classifications, personnel qualifications and ranges for remuneration and benefits for officers and employees of the Appeals Tribunal, and the chair may appoint, promote and employ the same in conformity with the classifications, qualifications and ranges for remuneration and benefits so established by the chair. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 81(3); 1993, c.38, s.71(2).

Recovery of costs and expenses

(4) The costs and expenses associated with the administration of the Appeals Tribunal, including the remuneration and expenses of its members, officers and employees, shall form part of the administration expenses of the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 81(4).

Chair

82.(1) The chair of the Appeals Tribunal is its chief executive officer and shall preside at its meetings and upon all panels of the Appeals Tribunal of which the chair is a member.

When vice-chair may act

(2) In the absence from Ontario of the chair, the chair’s inability to act or where the office is vacant, the chair’s duties shall be performed by a vice-chair designated to act by the chair or, where the chair has failed so to designate, by a vice-chair designated to act by the Minister of Labour.

Presumption where vice-chair acts

(3) Whenever it appears that a vice-chair has acted for and instead of the chair, it shall be presumed that the vice-chair has so acted in the absence or disability of the chair or because of a vacancy in the office of the chair. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 82.

Quorum

83.(1) A quorum shall consist of the chair of the Appeals Tribunal or a vice-chair of the Appeals Tribunal designated by the chair to act in place of the chair and not less than two members of the Appeals Tribunal to be equal in number and representative of employers and workers.

Idem

(2) A quorum may exercise all the jurisdiction and powers of the Appeals Tribunal.

Deciding vote

(3) The decision of the majority of the quorum present and constituting the Appeals Tribunal is the decision thereof, but, if there is no majority vote, the decision of the chair or the vice-chair governs. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 83.

Panels

84.(1) The chair of the Appeals Tribunal may establish panels of the Appeals Tribunal and a panel has all the jurisdiction and powers of the Appeals Tribunal.

Composition

(2) A panel of the Appeals Tribunal shall consist of three members as follows:

1. The chair or a vice-chair of the Appeals Tribunal.

2. One member of the Appeals Tribunal representative of employers.

3. One member of the Appeals Tribunal representative of workers.

Deciding vote

(3) The decision of the majority of a panel consisting of three persons is the decision of the Appeals Tribunal. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 84.

Effect of resignation, expiry of term

85.  Where the chair, a vice-chair or other member of the Appeals Tribunal resigns or the term of office expires, the person may carry out and complete any duties or responsibilities that the person would have had if the person had not resigned or the person’s term had not expired in respect of any application, proceeding or matter in which the person participated. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 85.

Jurisdiction

86.(1) Subject to section 93, the Appeals Tribunal has exclusive jurisdiction to hear, determine and dispose of,

(a) any matter or issue expressly conferred upon it by this Act;

(b) all appeals from decisions, orders or rulings of the Board respecting the provision of health care, vocational rehabilitation or entitlement to compensation or benefits under this Act; and

(c) all appeals respecting assessments, penalties or the transfer of costs,

and subsection 69 (2) applies with necessary modifications where a matter referred to in that subsection is raised in an appeal.

Idem

(2) The Appeals Tribunal shall not hear, determine or dispose of an appeal from a decision, order or ruling of the Board unless the procedures established by the Board for consideration of issues respecting the matters mentioned in clause (1)(b) or (c) have been exhausted, and the Board has made a final decision, order or ruling thereon.

Idem

(3) The Appeals Tribunal may make any order or direction that may be made by the Board and the order or direction of the Appeals Tribunal or a panel thereof is final and conclusive and not open to question or review in any court upon any grounds and no proceeding by or before the Appeals Tribunal or a panel thereof shall be restrained by injunction, prohibition or other process or procedure in any court or be removable by application for judicial review, or otherwise, into any court. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 86.

Panel of medical practitioners

87.(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, after requesting and considering the views of representatives of employers, workers and physicians, shall appoint qualified medical practitioners, other than practitioners appointed under subsection 66(1) or 81 (3), to a list and the Appeals Tribunal may obtain the assistance of one or more of them in such way and at such time or times as it thinks fit so as to better enable it to determine any matter of fact in question in any application, appeal or proceeding.

Remuneration

(2) The chair of the Appeals Tribunal may fix the remuneration of a medical practitioner who provides assistance to the Appeals Tribunal under this section and the remuneration shall be part of the administrative expenses of the Board.

Limitations

(3) A medical practitioner shall not be asked, except with the written consent of the parties of record, to assist the Appeals Tribunal in any application, appeal or proceeding where the practitioner,

(a) has examined the worker whose claim is the subject-matter of the application, appeal or proceeding;

(b) has treated the worker or a member of the family of the worker;

(c) has acted as a consultant in the treatment of the worker or as a consultant to the employer; or

(d) is a partner of a practitioner mentioned in clause (a), (b) or (c).

Pre-hearing inquiry

(4) The Appeals Tribunal has power to authorize the chair or a vice-chair to inquire into applications by way of appeal under clause 86 (1)(b) to determine whether an issue involves a decision of the Board upon a medical report or opinion and, if such is the case, the person making the inquiry may, before the appeal is heard by the Appeals Tribunal, require that the worker submit to an examination by one or more medical practitioners appointed under subsection (1) who shall report, in writing, to the Appeals Tribunal thereon.

Copies of report

(5) The Appeals Tribunal shall, upon receiving the report of the medical practitioner or practitioners, send a copy thereof to the parties to the appeal for the purpose of receiving their submissions thereon.

Powers not affected

(6) Nothing in subsection (4) limits the right of the Appeals Tribunal to exercise its powers under subsection (1) during the hearing of an appeal.

Failure to be examined

(7) If a worker is required by the Appeals Tribunal to submit to an examination by one or more medical practitioners who provide assistance to the Appeals Tribunal under this section and the worker does not submit to the examination or in any way obstructs the examination, the worker’s right to compensation or to a final decision by the Appeals Tribunal may be suspended by the Appeals Tribunal. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 87.

Application of subss.76 (1, 2)

88.  (1) Subsections 76 (1) and (2) apply with necessary modifications to the chair, vice-chairs and other members of the Appeals Tribunal, to all officers and employees of the Appeals Tribunal and any person engaged by the Appeals Tribunal to conduct an examination, test or inquiry, or authorized to perform any function under this Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 88; 1994, c. 24, s. 24 (1).

Liability of Appeals Tribunal, etc.

(2) No action or other proceeding for damages lies against a person described in subsection (1) for an act or omission done or omitted by the person in good faith in the execution or intended execution of a power or duty under this Act.

Liability of the Crown

(3) Subsection (2) does not, by reason of subsections 5 (2) and (4) of the Proceedings Against the Crown Act, relieve the Crown of liability in respect of a tort committed by a person described in subsection (1) to which the Crown would otherwise be subject; the Crown is liable under that Act for any such tort in like manner as if subsection (2) had not been enacted. 1994, c. 24, s. 24 (2).

Notice

89.(1) Upon receipt of a notice of appeal, the Appeals Tribunal shall, as soon as practicable, notify the Board and the parties of record of the appeal and the issue or issues in respect of which the appeal is brought and shall furnish the same with copies of any written submissions made with respect thereto.

Payments pending appeal

(2) Any periodic payments to be paid under a decision of the Board shall be paid even if an appeal is taken therefrom and any amounts paid may be dealt with as the Appeals Tribunal  shall direct.

Transmission of records

(3) Upon receipt of a notice under subsection (1), the Board shall forthwith transmit the Board’s records related to the appeal to the chair of the Appeals Tribunal. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 89.

Rules

90.  The Appeals Tribunal shall determine its own practice and procedure and may, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, make rules governing its practice and procedure and the exercise of its powers in respect thereto, and may prescribe such forms as it considers necessary. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 90.

Powers of Appeals Tribunal

91.(1) The Appeals Tribunal may confirm, vary, reverse or uphold any decision of the Board under appeal.

Communication of decisions

(2) Every decision of the Appeals Tribunal and the reasons therefor shall be communicated promptly in writing to the Board and the parties of record. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 91.

Application of certain sections

92.  Sections 70, 73 and 74 apply with necessary modifications to the Appeals Tribunal as if a reference to the Board were a reference to the Appeals Tribunal. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 92.

Determination of issues by Board

93.(1) Where a decision of the Appeals Tribunal turns upon an interpretation of the policy and general law of this Act, the board of directors of the Board may in its discretion review and determine the issue of interpretation of the policy and general law of this Act and may direct the Appeals Tribunal to reconsider the matter in light of the determination of the board of directors.

Hearing

(2) Where the board of directors of the Board in the exercise of its discretion under subsection (1) considers that a review is warranted, it shall either hold a hearing and afford the parties likely to be affected by its determination an opportunity to make oral and written submissions or it may dispense with a hearing if it permits the parties likely to be affected by its determination to make written submissions, as the board may direct.

Determination

(3) The board of directors of the Board shall give its determination and direction, if any, under this section in writing together with its reasons therefor.

Stay, etc., of orders

(4) Pending its determination, the board of directors of the Board, with respect to the decision that is the subject-matter of the review, may stay the enforcement or execution of the order made under the decision or may vacate the order if it has been implemented. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 93.

Appeals

94.(1) An appeal to the Appeals Tribunal lies from a decision of the Board with respect to the matters referred to in clauses 86 (1) (b) and (c).

Decisions before October 1, 1985

(2) With the leave of the Appeals Tribunal, a decision of a panel of the Board made before the 1st day of October, 1985 may be appealed to the Appeals Tribunal.

Idem

(3) Leave to appeal a decision to which subsection (2) applies shall not be granted unless,

(a) there is substantial new evidence which was unavailable at the time of the hearing by the panel; or

(b) there appears to the Appeals Tribunal to be good reason to doubt the correctness of the decision. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 94.

Occupational Disease Panel

95.(1) The Industrial Disease Standards Panel is continued under the name Occupational Disease Panel in English and Comité des maladies professionnelles in French. 1994, c. 24, s. 25 (1).

Composition

(2) The Panel shall be composed of not more than nine members including persons representative of the public and of the scientific community and technical and professional persons.

Idem

(3) The members of the Panel shall be appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council one of whom shall be designated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council as chair of the Panel and one of whom shall be designated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council as vice-chair.

Remuneration

(4) The remuneration, benefits and allowances of the members of the Panel shall be determined by the Lieutenant Governor in Council. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 95(2-4).

Officers and employees

(5) The chair of the Panel, subject to such guidelines as may be established by the Management Board of Cabinet, may establish job classifications, personnel qualifications and ranges for remuneration and benefits for officers and employees of the Panel, and the chair may appoint, promote and employ the same in conformity with the classifications, qualifications and ranges for remuneration and benefits so established by the chair. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 95 (5); 1993, c. 38, s. 71 (3).

Recovery of costs and expenses

(6) The costs and expenses associated with the administration of the Panel, including the remuneration and expenses of its members, officers and employees, shall be paid by the Ministry of Labour and shall be chargeable by the Ministry to the Board and the costs and expenses shall form part of the administrative expenses of the Board.

Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, subsection 95 (6) is repealed and the following substituted:

Recovery of costs and expenses

(6) The costs and expenses associated with the administration of the Panel, including the remuneration and expenses of its members, officers and employees, shall form part of the administration expenses of the Board.

See: 1994, c. 24, ss. 25 (2), 36.

Application of subss. 88 (2, 3)

(7) Subsections 88(2) and (3) apply with necessary modifications to the chair, vice-chair and other members of the Panel and to the officers and employees of the Panel. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 95 (7); 1994, c. 24, s. 25 (3).

Functions

(8) It shall be the function of the Panel,

(a) to investigate possible occupational diseases;

(b) to make findings as to whether a probable connection exists between a disease and an industrial process, trade or occupation in Ontario;

(c) to create, develop and revise criteria for the evaluation of claims respecting occupational diseases; and

(d) to advise on eligibility rules regarding compensation for claims respecting occupational diseases. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 95 (8); 1994, c. 24, s. 25 (4).

Special panels

(9) The Panel may establish special panels to investigate matters arising out of its functions under subsection (8) and may appoint ad hoc members who are specialists in particular diseases and in industrial processes to such special panels which shall report thereon to the Panel.

Practice and procedure

(10) The Panel shall determine its own priorities, practice and procedure and shall not be subject to or affected in any way by the Statutory Powers Procedure Act, or by any rules made under it.

Report to Board

(11) The Panel shall report its findings to the Board.

Notice of findings

(12) Before accepting or rejecting any findings of the Panel, the Board shall publish in The Ontario Gazette a notice setting forth the nature of the findings and calling for comments, briefs and submissions thereon to be filed with the Board within sixty days of the publication of the notice or within such longer period as the Board may specify in the notice.

Acceptance

(13) Upon the expiry of the period allowed for the filing under subsection (12), the Board may accept the findings of the Panel with or without amendments or may reject the findings.

Idem

(14) Where the findings of the Panel are accepted under subsection (13) with amendments or rejected, the Board need not give any further notice under subsection (12).

Publication of findings

(15) Where the Board accepts or rejects the findings of the Panel, notice of the Board’s acceptance or rejection, with reasons therefor, shall be published in The Ontario Gazette.

Annual report

(16) The Panel shall, after the close of each year, file with the Minister of Labour an annual report upon the affairs of the Panel, and the Minister shall cause a copy of the report to be laid before the Assembly if it is in session or, if not, at the next session. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 95(9-16).

Office of the Worker Adviser

96.(1) The Office of the Worker Adviser is continued under the name Office of the Worker Adviser in English and Bureau des conseillers des travailleurs in French.

Idem

(2) The Office of the Worker Adviser is to be  available to any person who is or has been a claimant for benefits under this Act.

Idem

(3) The Minister shall pay such remuneration and expenses as may be required to carry out such functions as may be assigned to the Office of the Worker Adviser by the Minister.

Idem

(4) The Board shall reimburse the Minister for the remuneration and expenses referred to in subsection (3). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 96 (1-4).

Application of subss. 76 (1, 2), 88 (2, 3)

(5) Subsections 76 (1) and (2) and 88 (2) and (3) apply with necessary modifications to the officers and employees of the Office of the Worker Adviser. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 96 (5); 1994, c. 24, s. 26.

Office of the Employer Adviser

97.(1) The Office of the Employer Adviser is continued under the name Office of the Employer Adviser in English and Bureau des conseillers du patronat in French.

Remuneration and expenses

(2) The Minister of Labour shall pay such remuneration and expenses as may be required to carry out such functions as may be assigned to the Office of the Employer Adviser by the Minister.

Idem

(3) The Board shall reimburse the Minister for the remuneration and expenses referred to in subsection (2). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 97 (1-3).

Application of subss. 76 (1, 2), 88 (2, 3)

(4) Subsections 76 (1) and (2) and 88 (2) and (3) apply with necessary modifications to the officers and employees of the Office of the Employer Adviser. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 97 (4); 1994, c. 24  s. 27.

French language services

98.  Services under this Act shall, where appropriate, be made available in the French language. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 98.

Accident Fund

How accident fund to be provided

99.(1) An accident fund shall be provided by contributions to be made by the employers in the classes or groups of industries for the time being included in Schedule 1, and compensation payable in respect of accidents that happen in any industry included in any of such classes or groups shall be paid out of the accident fund.

Industries in Schedule 2 not to contribute

(2) Despite the generality of the description of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1, none of the industries included in Schedule 2 shall form part of or be deemed to be included in any of such classes, unless it is added to Schedule 1 by the Board under this Part. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 99.

Payment of compensation out of reserves or Consolidated Revenue Fund

100.  If at any time there is not money available for payment of the compensation that has become due without resorting to the reserves, the Board may pay such compensation out of the reserves and shall make good the amount withdrawn from the reserves by making a special assessment upon the employers liable to provide the compensation or by including it in a subsequent annual assessment, but, if for any reason it is considered inexpedient to withdraw the amount required from the reserves, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may direct that the same be advanced out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund and in that case the amount advanced shall be collected by a special assessment and when collected shall be paid over to the Treasurer of Ontario. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 100.

Sufficiency of accident fund to be maintained

101.  It is the duty of the Board at all times to maintain the accident fund so that with the reserves, exclusive of the special reserve, it will be sufficient to meet all the payments to be made out of the fund in respect of compensation as they become payable and so as not unduly or unfairly to burden the employers in any class in future years with payments that are to be made in those years in respect of accidents that have happened previously. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 101.

Reserve funds

102.(1) Subject to section 124, it is not obligatory upon the Board to provide and maintain a reserve fund at all times equal to the capitalized value of the payments of compensation that will become due in future years unless the Board is of opinion that it is necessary to do so in order to comply with section 101.

Reserve fund need not be uniform as to all classes

(2) It is not necessary for the reserve fund to be uniform as to all classes but, subject to sections 101 and 124, it is discretionary with the Board to provide for a larger reserve fund in one or more of the classes than in another or others of them. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 102.

Regulations re Schedules 1 and 2

103.(1) Subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Board may by regulation,

(a) rearrange any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1, and withdraw from any class any industry included in it and transfer it wholly or partly to any other class or form it into a separate class, or exclude it from the operation of this Part;

(b) establish other classes including any of the industries that are for the time being included in Schedule 2, or are not included in any of the classes in Schedule 1;

(c) add to any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1 any industry that is not included in any of such classes;

(d) exclude any trade, employment, occupation, calling, avocation or service from any industry for the time being included under this Part or at any time brought under this Part.

Apportionment of burden of assessment to hazard of business, etc.

(2) Where in the opinion of the Board the hazard to workers in any of the industries embraced in a class is less than that in another or others of such industries, or where for any other reason it is deemed proper to do so, the Board may subdivide the class into subclasses or groups and, if that is done, the Board may fix the percentages or proportions of the contributions to the accident fund that are to be payable by the employers in each subclass or group.

Separate accounts to be kept for each class, subclass or group

(3) Separate accounts shall be kept of the amounts collected and expended in respect of every class, subclass or group, but for the purpose of paying compensation the accident fund shall, nevertheless, be deemed one and indivisible.

Power to increase amount of assessment in certain cases

(4) Where in the opinion of the Board sufficient precautions have not been taken for the prevention of accidents to workers in the employment of an employer or where the working conditions are not safe for workers or where the employer has not complied with the regulations respecting first aid, the Board may add to the amount of any contribution to the accident fund for which the employer is liable such a percentage thereof as the Board considers just and may assess and levy the same upon the employer. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 103 (1-4).

Same

(4.1) If an employer fails to co-operate in vocational rehabilitation services or programs provided under section 53, the Board may add to the amount of any contribution to the accident fund for which the employer is liable an additional amount determined in accordance with subsection (4.2).  The Board may assess and levy the increased assessment upon the employer.

Same

(4.2) The additional amount referred to in subsection (4.1) is an amount equal to a percentage the Board considers appropriate of the benefits to which the worker was entitled during the period in which the employer failed to co-operate in vocational rehabilitation services and programs. 1994, c. 24, s. 28.

Collection and application of additional percentage

(5) Any additional percentage levied and collected under subsection (4) shall be added to the accident fund or applied in reduction of the assessment upon the other employers in the class or subclass to which the employer from whom it is collected belongs as the Board may determine.

Merit system

(6) Where, in the opinion of the Board, the ways, works, machinery and appliances in any industry conform to modern standards in such manner as to reduce the hazard of accidents to a minimum and the Board is convinced that all proper precautions are being taken by the employer for the prevention of accidents, and where the accident record of the employer has in fact been consistently good, the Board may reduce the amount of any contribution to the accident fund for which such employer is liable.

Recommendations

(7) The Board may take into account recommendations made by the Workplace Health and Safety Agency established under the Occupational Health and Safety Act in reaching its opinion under subsection (4) or (6).

Demerit system

(8) Where the work injury frequency and the accident cost of the employer are consistently higher than that of the average in the industry in which the employer is engaged, the Board, as provided by the regulations, may increase the assessment for that employer by such a percentage thereof as the Board considers just, and may assess and levy the same upon the employer, and may require the employer to establish one or more safety committees at plant level.

Relief

(9) The Board, if satisfied that the default was excusable, may in any case relieve the employer in whole or in part from liability under subsection (4). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 103 (5-9).

Experience and merit rating programs

103.1  (1) The Board may establish experience and merit rating programs to encourage employers to reduce injuries and occupational diseases, to promote vocational rehabilitation and to encourage workers’ return to work.

Determination of refund or surcharge

(2) The amount of a refund or surcharge under a program shall be determined by the Board based on the work injury frequency of an employer, the accident cost of the employer or both.

Variation

(3) The amount of a refund or surcharge may be varied by the Board upon consideration of,

(a) the health and safety practices and other programs of the employer to reduce injuries and occupational diseases;

(b) vocational rehabilitation practices and programs of the employer;

(c) practices and programs of the employer to assist workers to return to work; or

(d) such other matters as the Board considers appropriate. 1994, c. 24, s. 29.

Injury to minor

104.  Where the Board finds that an employer has employed a minor in contravention of the law and a claim for injury to the minor is made, such unlawful employment does not affect or prejudice the right of the claimant, but the Board may exclude the industry from the class in which it is included and, if it is so excluded, the employer is individually liable to pay the compensation to which the minor or any dependant of the minor is entitled. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 104.

Withdrawing small industries from classes

105.(1) The Board may in the exercise of the powers conferred by section 103 withdraw or exclude from a class industries in which not more than a stated number of workers are  usually employed and may afterwards add them to the class or classes from which they have been withdrawn, and any industry so withdrawn or excluded shall not thereafter be deemed to be included in Schedule 1, but no withdrawal or exclusion under the authority of this subsection has the effect of excluding any industry from Schedule 2.

Employers in industries withdrawn under subs. (1) may elect to become members of class

(2) Where industries are withdrawn or excluded from a class under the authority of subsection (1), an employer in any of them may, nevertheless, elect to become a member of the class to which but for the withdrawal or exclusion the employer would have belonged, and, if the employer so elects, the employer shall be a member of that class and as such liable to contribute to the accident fund, and the employer’s industry shall be deemed to be embraced in Schedule 1.

Notice of election

(3) Notice of the election shall be given to the secretary of the Board and the election shall be deemed to have been made when the notice is received by the secretary.

Election of worker

(4) A worker in any industry excluded under the authority of subsection (1) may notify the secretary of the Board that he or she desires such industry to be included in Schedule 1, and such notice upon receipt thereof by the secretary has the same effect as a notice of election from the employer. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 105.

Powers may be exercised as occasion requires

106.  The powers conferred by sections 103 to 105 may be exercised from time to time and as often as in the opinion of the Board occasion may require. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 106.

Additions to Schedule 1

107.  The Board may, upon the application of an employer, add to Schedule 1, for such time and upon such terms and conditions as the Board may determine, any industry or part  of an industry, or department of work or service, of such employer. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 107.

Additions to Schedule 2

108.  The Board may, upon the application of an employer, add to Schedule 2, for such time and upon such terms and conditions as the Board may determine, any industry or part of an industry, or department of work or service, of such employer not in Schedule 1. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 108.

Employer registration

108.1  (1) An employer in an industry included in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 shall register with the Board within 10 days after becoming an employer.

Information requirement

(2) When registering and at such other times as the Board may require, an employer in an industry included in Schedule 1 shall provide such information to the Board as it may require to assign the employer to a class, subclass or group and to determine the amount that the employer is required to contribute under the Act.

Same

(3) When registering and at such other times as the Board may require, an employer in an industry included in Schedule 2 shall provide such information to the Board as it may require to determine the amount of any payment to the Board that may be required under the Act. 1995, c. 5, s. 17.

Statements to be Furnished by Employers

Statements to be furnished by employers

109.(1) Subject to the regulations, every employer shall yearly on or before such date as shall be prescribed by the Board, and at such other time or times as it may by order or regulation of the Board be required, prepare and transmit to the Board a statement of the amount of the wages earned by all the employer’s workers during the year then last past or any part thereof specified by the Board and of the amount that the employer estimates the employer will expend for wages during the then current year or any part thereof specified by the Board, and such additional information as the Board may require, both certified to be accurate by the employer or manager of the business or, where the employer is a corporation, by an officer of the corporation having a personal knowledge of the matters to which the statements relate.

Statement to be furnished by employer

(2) Where an industry coming within any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1 is established or commenced on or after the 1st day of January in the then current year, the employer shall forthwith notify the Board of the fact and prepare and transmit to the Board a statement of the amount that the employer estimates the employer will expend for wages for the remainder of the year and such other information as the Board may require, certified to be accurate in the manner prescribed by subsection (1).

Employer to keep account of wages paid

(3) Every employer shall keep in such form and with  such detail as may be required for the purposes of this Act a careful and accurate account of all wages paid to the employer’s workers and such account shall be kept within Ontario and shall be produced to the Board and its officers when so required.

Separate statements as to branches, etc.

(4) Where the business of the employer embraces more than one branch of business or class of industry, the Board may require separate statements to be made as to each branch or class of industry, and such statements shall be made, verified and transmitted as provided by subsection (1).

Failure to furnish statements

(5) If any employer does not make and transmit to the Board the prescribed statement within the prescribed time, the Board may base any assessment or supplementary assessment thereafter made upon the employer on such sum as in its opinion is the probable amount of the payroll of the employer and the employer is bound thereby, but, if it is afterwards ascertained that such amount is less than the actual amount of the payroll, the employer is liable to pay to the Board the difference between the amount assessed and the amount that would have been assessed on the basis of the employer’s payroll. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 109 (1-5).

Consequence of default

(6) An employer who fails to furnish a statement required by subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) shall pay an additional percentage of assessment or shall pay interest, as fixed by the Board.

Same

(7) An employer who does not furnish a statement by the date required under subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) or by the date required by the Board shall pay an additional percentage of assessment or shall pay interest, as fixed by the Board.

Same

(8) An employer who provides an insufficient estimate of the employer’s expenditure for wages in a statement furnished under this section shall pay an additional percentage of assessment or shall pay interest, as fixed by the Board.

Same

(9) A payment required under subsection (6), (7) or (8) shall be in addition to any penalty imposed by a court for an offence under section 157. 1995, c. 5, s. 18.

Material change in circumstances

109.1  An employer shall notify the Board of a material change in circumstances in connection with the employer’s obligations under the Act within 10 days after the material change occurs. 1995, c. 5, s. 19.

Municipal assessors to make return re workers

110.(1) Every assessor of a township, town or village shall yearly on or before the last day for completing his or her assessment roll make a return to the Board upon forms provided by the Board for the purpose showing the names, addresses, nature of business, and usual number of workers, of all employers of labour carrying on in the municipality any industry or business other than farming or mercantile business.

Payment of assessors

(2) The Board may make remuneration for such return out of the accident fund. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 110.

Examination of accounts and books of employer

111.(1) The Board and any member of it and any officer or person authorized by it for that purpose have the right to examine the books and accounts of the employer and to make such other inquiry as the Board considers necessary for the purpose of ascertaining whether any statement furnished to the Board under section 109 is an accurate statement of the matters that are required to be stated therein or of ascertaining the amount of the payroll of any employer or of ascertaining whether any industry or person is under the operation of this Part and whether in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2, and for the purpose of any such examination and inquiry the Board and the person so appointed have the powers of a commission under Part II of the Public Inquiries Act, which Part applies to the examination or inquiry as if it were an inquiry under that Act.

Order to seize books

(2) The Board may, for the purpose of the examination mentioned in subsection (1), apply without notice to a judge of the Ontario Court (General Division) for an order authorizing an officer of the Board, together with such members of the Ontario Provincial Police Force or other police officers as he or she calls on for assistance, to enter and search, if necessary by force, any building, receptacle or place for books and accounts of the employer and to seize and take away any such books and accounts for the purpose of the examination and retain them in his or her possession until such examination is completed. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 111 (1, 2).

(3) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 20.

Assessment may be made to correspond with payrolls

112.(1) If a statement is found to be inaccurate, the assessment shall be made on the true amount of the payroll as ascertained by such examination and inquiry, or, if an assessment has been made against the employer on the basis of the payroll being as shown by the statement, the employer shall pay to the Board the difference between the amount assessed and the amount that would have been assessed if the amount of the payroll had been truly stated, and in addition a sum equal to such difference.

Relief from additional sum

(2) The Board, if satisfied that the inaccuracy of the statement was not intentional and that the employer honestly desired to furnish an accurate statement, may relieve the employer from the payment of the additional sum provided for by subsection (1) or any part of it. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 112.

Board to have right to inspect premises of employer

113.(1) The Board and any member of it and any officer or person authorized by it for that purpose have the right at all reasonable hours to enter into the establishment of any employer who is liable to contribute to the accident fund and the premises connected with it and every part of them for the purpose of ascertaining whether the ways, works, machinery or appliances therein are safe, adequate and sufficient and whether all proper precautions are taken for the prevention of accidents to the workers employed in or about the establishment or premises and whether the safety appliances or safeguards prescribed by law are used and employed therein, or for any other purpose that the Board considers necessary for the purpose of determining the proportion in which such employer should contribute to the accident fund. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 113 (1).

(2) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 21.

Privileged Information

Information obtained not to be divulged

114.(1) No officer of the Board and no person authorized to make an inquiry under this Part shall divulge or allow to be divulged, except in the performance of his or her duties or under the authority of the Board, any information obtained by him or her or that has come to his or her knowledge in making or in connection with an inspection or inquiry under this Part. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 114 (1).

(2) Repealed: 1995, c. 5. s. 22.

Reports privileged

115.  Every report made under section 51 and every other report made or submitted to the Board by a physician, surgeon, hospital, nurse, dentist, drugless practitioner, chiropodist or optometrist is for the use and purposes of the Board only, is deemed to be a privileged communication of the person making or submitting the same, and unless it is proved that it was made maliciously, is not admissible as evidence or subject to production in any court in an action or proceeding against such person. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 115.

Assessments

Assessments, levying

116.(1) The Board shall in every year assess and levy upon the employers in each of the classes such percentage of payroll or such other rate or such specific sum as, allowing for any surplus or deficit in the class, it deems sufficient to pay the compensation during the current year in respect of injuries to workers in the industries within the class, and to provide and pay the expenses of the Board in the administration of this Part for that year or so much thereof as may not be otherwise provided for, and also to maintain a reserve fund to pay the compensation payable in future years in respect of claims in that class for  accidents happening in that year, of such an amount as the Board considers necessary to prevent the employers in future years from being unduly or unfairly burdened with payments that are to be made in those years in respect of accidents that have previously happened.

Provisional levy

(2) Such assessments, if the Board sees fit, may be levied provisionally upon the estimate of payroll given by the employer or upon an estimate fixed by the Board and, after the actual payroll has been ascertained, may be adjusted to the correct amount, and the payment of assessments, if the Board sees fit, may be divided into instalments. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 116.

Deduction from payroll

117.(1) Where the assessment is based on the payroll of the employer and there is included in it the wages or salary of a worker who has been paid more than the maximum amount of average earnings upon which a loss of earnings may be calculated under section 38, the excess shall be deducted from the amount of the payroll and the assessment shall be based on the amount of it as so reduced.

Assessments need not be uniform

(2) It is not necessary for the assessments upon the employers in a class, subclass or group to be uniform, but they may vary for each individual industry or plant in relation to the hazard of such industry or plant, and the Board may levy a differential rate of assessment on each employer in the class, subclass or group accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 117 (1, 2).

(3) Repealed: 1994, c. 24, s. 30.

Rate of assessment to be fixed by the Board

118.(1) The Board shall determine and fix the percentage, rate or sum for which each employer is assessed under section 116 or 117, or the provisional amount thereof, and each employer shall pay to the Board the amount or provisional amount of the assessment within one month or such other time as the Board may fix after notice of the assessment and of the amount has been given to the employer, or, where payment is to be made by instalments, the employer shall pay the first instalment within such time and the remaining instalment or instalments at the time or times specified in the notice.

How notice may be served

(2) The notice may be sent by post to the employer and shall be deemed to have been given to the employer on the day on which the notice was posted.

Revision of assessments

(3) When it appears at any time that a statement or estimate of payroll upon which an assessment or provisional amount of assessment is based is too low, the employer shall upon demand pay to the Board such sum, to be fixed by the Board, as is sufficient to bring the payment of assessment up to the proper amount, and payment of any such sum may be enforced in the same manner as the payment of any assessment may be enforced. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 118.

Insufficient assessment

119.  If the amount realized from any assessment is insufficient for the purpose for which the assessment was made, the Board may make supplementary assessments to make up the deficiency and section 118 applies to such assessments, but the Board may defer assessing for such deficiency until the next annual assessment is made and then include it in such assessment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 119.

All classes may be assessed for deficiency in any of them

120.(1) Where any deficiency in the amount realized from any assessment in any class is caused by the failure of some of the employers in that class to pay their share of the assessment or by any disaster or other circumstance that in the opinion of the Board would unfairly burden the employers in that class, the deficiency or loss shall be made up by supplementary assessments upon the employers in all the classes and section 118 applies to such assessments, but the Board may defer assessing for such deficiency or loss until the next annual assessment is made and then include it in such assessment.

Special fund

(2) The Board, where it considers proper, may add to the assessment for any class or classes or for all the classes in Schedule 1 a percentage or sum for the purpose of raising a special fund to be laid aside and used to meet the loss arising from any disaster or other circumstance that, in the opinion of the Board, would unfairly burden the employers in any class. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 120.

Where deficiency made good

121.  If and so far as any deficiency mentioned in sections 119 and 120 is afterwards made good wholly or partly by the defaulting employer, the amount that has been made good shall be apportioned between the other employers in the proportions in which the deficiency was made up by them by the payment of supplementary assessments upon them and shall be credited to them in making the next assessment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 121.

Employer not assessed

122.(1) If for any reason an employer liable to assessment is not assessed in any year, the employer is nevertheless liable to pay to the Board the amount for which the employer should have been assessed, and payment of that amount may be enforced in the same manner as the payment of an assessment may be enforced.

Amount collected to be taken into account

(2) Any sum collected from an employer under subsection (1) shall be taken into account by the Board in making an assessment in a subsequent year on the employers in the class or subclass to which such employer belonged. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 122.

Employer liable to pay unpaid sums

123.  Even if the deficiency arising from a default in the payment of the whole or part of any assessment has been made up by a special assessment, a defaulting employer continues liable to pay to the Board the amount of every assessment made upon the employer or so much of it as remains unpaid. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 123.

Lieutenant Governor in Council may require supplementary assessments to be made

124.  Whenever the Lieutenant Governor in Council is of opinion that the condition of the accident fund is such that with the reserves, exclusive of the special reserve, it is not sufficient to meet all the payments to be made in respect of compensation as they become payable and so as not unduly or unfairly to burden the employers in any class in future years with payments that are to be made in those years in respect of accidents that have happened in previous years, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may require the Board to make a supplementary assessment of such sum as in the opinion of the Lieutenant Governor in Council is necessary to be added to the fund, and, when such a requirement is made, the Board shall make such supplementary assessment forthwith and it shall be made in like manner as is hereinbefore provided as to other special assessments and all the provisions of this Part as to special assessments apply to it. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 124.

Formation of reserves

125.  In order to maintain the accident fund as provided by section 101, the Board may from time to time and as often as may be considered necessary include in any sum to be assessed upon the employers and may collect from them such sums as are considered necessary for that purpose, and the sums so collected shall form a reserve fund and shall be invested in any of such securities as a trustee may invest in under the Pension Benefits Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 125.

Additional percentage for non-payment of assessment

126.  If an assessment or a special assessment is not paid when it becomes payable, the defaulting employer is liable to pay and shall pay for the default such a percentage upon the amount unpaid as may be prescribed by the regulations or as may be determined by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 126.

Failure to make return or pay assessment

127.(1) Any employer who refuses or neglects to make or transmit any payroll, return or other statement required to be furnished by the employer under section 109, or who refuses or neglects to pay any assessment or special or supplementary assessment or the provisional amount of any assessment, or any instalment or part thereof, shall, in addition to any penalty or other liability to which the employer may be subject, pay to the Board the full amount or capitalized value, as determined by the Board, of the compensation and health care payable in respect of any accident to a worker in the employer’s employ that happens during the period of such default, and the payment of such amount may be enforced in the same manner as the payment of an assessment may be enforced.

Relieving clause

(2) The Board, if satisfied that such default was excusable, may in any case relieve such employer in whole or in part from liability under this section. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 127.

Collection of unpaid assessments

128.  Where default is made in the payment of any assessment or special assessment, or any part of it, the Board may issue its certificate stating that the assessment was made, the amount remaining unpaid on account of it and the person by whom it was payable, and such certificate or a copy of it certified by the secretary to be a true copy may be filed with a local registrar of the Ontario Court (General Division) or, where the amount remaining unpaid does not exceed the monetary jurisdiction of the Small Claims Court, with a clerk of the Small Claims Court and, when so filed, becomes an order of the court and may be enforced as a judgment of the court against such person for the amount mentioned in the certificate. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 128.

Board may collect assessment through municipal collectors

129.(1) If an assessment or a special assessment, or any part of it, remains unpaid for thirty days after it has become payable, the Board, in lieu of or in addition to proceeding as provided by section 128, may issue its certificate stating the name and residence of the defaulting employer, the amount unpaid on the assessment and the establishment in respect of which it is payable, and, upon the delivery of the certificate to the clerk of the municipality in which the establishment is situate, he or she shall cause the amount so remaining unpaid as stated in the certificate to be entered upon the collector’s roll  as if it were taxes due by the defaulting employer in respect of such establishment, and it shall be collected in like manner as taxes are levied and collected and the amount, when collected, shall be paid over by the collector to the Board.

Collector entitled to percentage

(2) The collector is entitled to add 5 per cent thereof to the amount to be collected and to retain such percentage for the collector’s services in making the collection. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 129.

Case of industry temporarily carried on

130.(1) Where an employer engages in any of the industries for the time being included in Schedule 1 and has not been assessed in respect of it, the Board, if it is of opinion that the industry is to be carried on only temporarily, may require the employer to pay or to give security for the payment to the Board of a sum sufficient to pay the assessment for which the employer would have been liable if the industry had been in existence when the next preceding assessment was made.

Powers of Board

(2) The Board has the like powers and is entitled to the like remedies for enforcing payment of any such sum as it possesses or is entitled to in respect of assessments. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 130 (1, 2).

(3) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 23.

Overpayments to employers

130.1  (1) An overpayment made by the Board to an employer is a debt due and owing to the Board at the time the overpayment is made.

Amount

(2) The amount of the overpayment is as determined by the Board.

Collection

(3) In the case of an employer in an industry included in Schedule 1, the Board has the same powers and is entitled to the same remedies for enforcing payment of an overpayment as it has for payment of assessments. In the case of an employer in an industry included in Schedule 2, the Board may add the amount of an overpayment to the amount payable by the employer under subsection 137 (1). 1995, c. 5, s. 24.

Liability of owner under Construction Lien Act for contribution of employer to accident fund

131.  In the case of a work or service performed by an employer in any of the industries for the time being included in Schedule 1 for which the employer would be entitled to a lien under the Construction Lien Act, it is the duty of the owner as defined by that Act to see that any sum that the employer is liable to contribute to the accident fund is paid and, if any  such owner fails to do so, the owner is personally liable to pay it to the Board, and the Board has the like powers and is entitled to the like remedies for enforcing payment as it possesses or is entitled to in respect of an assessment. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 131.

Distribution of assets

132.(1) There shall be included among the debts that, under the Assignments and Preferences Act, the Trustee Act, and the Corporations Act, are, in the distribution of the property, in the case of an assignment or death or in the distribution of the assets of a company being wound up, under the said Acts respectively, to be paid in priority to all other debts, the amount of any assessment or compensation the liability wherefore accrued before the date of the assignment or death or before the date of the commencement of the winding up, and the said Acts have effect accordingly.

Periodical payments of compensation

(2) When the compensation is a periodical payment, the liability in respect thereof shall, for the purposes of this section, be taken to be the amount of the lump sum, to be determined by the Board, for which the periodical payments may be commuted.

Lien

(3) The amount set forth in a certificate of the Board filed pursuant to section 128 is a first lien upon all the property, real or personal, of the employer used in or in connection with the industry with respect to which the employer is assessed, subject only to municipal taxes, and the amount levied under execution upon any such judgment to the extent of the amount due upon such execution shall forthwith be paid to the Board.

Notice of lien

(4) The lien mentioned in subsection (3) is effective only where notice of the lien has been filed by way of writ of seizure and sale in the office of the sheriff for the area in which the property against which the lien applied is situated and, where land affected is registered under the Land Titles Act, a copy of such writ has been transmitted by registered mail or delivered by the sheriff to the proper land registrar. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 132.

Returns of Accidents

Employers to give notice of accidents

133.(1) Every employer, within three days after learning of the happening of an accident to a worker in the employer’s employment by which the worker is disabled from earning full wages or that necessitates health care, shall notify the Board in writing of,

(a) the happening of the accident and the nature of it;

(b) the time of its occurrence;

(c) the name and address of the worker;

(d) the place where the accident happened;

(e) the name and address of the physician or surgeon, if any, by whom the worker was or is attended for the injury,

and shall in any case furnish such further details and particulars respecting any accident or claim to compensation as the Board may require. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 133 (1).

(2) Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 25.

Default in reporting accident or claim

(3) Every employer who makes default in reporting or furnishing particulars of any accident or claim shall, in addition to any other penalty or liability, pay to the Board the amount set out in the regulations and the Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may make regulations for such purpose. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 133 (3).

Occupational Diseases

Occupational diseases to be deemed accidents

134.(1) Where a worker suffers from an occupational disease and is thereby impaired or his or her death is caused by an occupational disease and the disease is due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was engaged, whether under one or more employments, the worker is or his or her dependants are entitled to compensation as if the disease was a personal injury by accident and the impairment was the happening of the accident, subject to the modifications hereinafter mentioned or contained in the regulations, unless at the time of entering into the employment the worker has wilfully and falsely represented in writing as not having previously suffered from the disease. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 134 (1); 1994, c. 24, s. 31 (1) .

By whom compensation payable

(2) Where the compensation is payable by an employer individually, it is payable by the employer who last employed the worker in the employment to the nature of which the disease was due.

Names of former employers to be furnished by claimants

(3) The worker or his or her dependants, if so required, shall furnish the employer mentioned in subsection (2) with such information as to the names and addresses of all the other employers by whom the worker was employed in the employment to the nature of which the disease was due as such worker or his or her dependants may possess, and, if such information is not furnished or is not sufficient to enable that employer to take the proceedings mentioned in subsection (4), that employer upon proving that the disease was not contracted while the worker was in the employer’s employment is not liable to pay compensation.

Last employer may bring in former employers

(4) If the employer alleges that the disease was in fact contracted while the worker was in the employment of some other employer, the employer may bring such other employer before the Board and, if the allegation is proved, that other employer is the employer by whom the compensation shall be paid.

Where disease result of gradual process

(5) If the disease is of such a nature as to be contracted by a gradual process, any other employers who employed the worker in the employment to the nature of which the disease  was due are liable to make to the employer by whom the compensation is payable such contributions as the Board may determine to be just.

Fixing of compensation

(6) The amount of the compensation shall be fixed with reference to the average earnings of the worker as calculated under the provisions of section 40, but for the purposes of this section, where a worker is no longer engaged in the trade, occupation, profession or calling to which the disease is due, the Board may determine his or her average earnings at an amount that it considers fair and equitable having regard to the average earnings of a fully qualified person engaged in the same trade, occupation, profession or calling to which the disease is due during the twelve months prior to the commencement of disability, but not in any case exceeding the maximum amount of average earnings upon which a loss of earnings may be calculated under section 38.

Notice

(7) The notice provided for by section 22 shall be given to the employer who last employed the worker in the employment to the nature of which the disease was due and the notice may be given even if the worker has voluntarily left the employment.

Charging compensation to particular classes

(8) Where the compensation is payable out of the accident fund, the Board shall make such investigation as it considers necessary to ascertain the class or classes against which the compensation should be charged and shall charge or apportion the compensation accordingly.

Presumption

(9) If the worker at or before the date of the disablement was employed in any process mentioned in the second column of Schedule 3 and the disease contracted is the disease in the first column of the Schedule set out opposite to the description of the process, the disease shall be deemed to have been due to the nature of that employment unless the contrary is proved.

Idem

(10) If the worker at or before the date of the disablement was employed in any process mentioned in the second column of Schedule 4 and the disease contracted is the disease in the first column of the Schedule set out opposite to the description of the process, the disease shall be conclusively deemed to have been due to the nature of the employment.

Remuneration and expenses of medical officers

(11) The Board may pay the remuneration and expenses of such medical officers as may be required to carry out the provisions of the regulations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act for the examination of workers or applicants for employment in a mine or mining plant, out of the rates imposed under this Act for payment of silicosis claims.

Condition upon which compensation granted

(12) Nothing in this Act entitles a worker or his or her dependants to compensation, health care or payment of burial expenses for impairment or death from silicosis unless the worker has been actually exposed to silica dust in his or her employment in Ontario for periods amounting in all to at least two years preceding his or her impairment.

Agreements for cost sharing

(13) Despite any other provision of this Act, the Board may enter into an agreement with the appropriate authority in any jurisdiction in Canada to provide for the apportionment of the costs of the claims for industrial diseases for workers who have had exposure employment in more than one Canadian jurisdiction.

Agreements for sharing costs of industrial noise claims

(14) Despite any other provision in this Act, the Board may enter into an agreement with the appropriate authority in any other province or territory of Canada to provide for the sharing of costs of industrial noise induced hearing loss claims in proportion to the actual or estimated amount of exposure in Ontario to industrial noise which contributed to the hearing loss.

Saving

(15) Nothing in this section affects the right of a worker to compensation in respect of a disease to which this section does not apply if the disease is the result of an injury in respect of which the worker is entitled to compensation under this Part.

Extension of section to pneumoconiosis, etc.

(16) The provisions of this section relating to silicosis apply with necessary modifications to pneumoconiosis and stone worker’s or grinder’s phthisis. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 134 (2-16).

Additional occupational disease

(17) The Board, subject to the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may declare any disease to be an occupational disease and may amend Schedule 3 or 4 accordingly. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 134 (17); 1994, c. 24, s. 31 (2).

Formation of Associations and Committees

Accident prevention associations

135.(1) The employers in any class of farm-related activity may, with the approval and under the control of the Board, form themselves into an association for the purpose of education in accident prevention.

Rules of operation

(2) If the Board is of opinion that an association so formed sufficiently represents the employers included in the class, the Board may approve rules of operation and, when approved by the Board and by the Lieutenant Governor in Council, they are binding on all the employers included in the class.

Inspectors

(3) Where an association under the authority of its rules of operation appoints an inspector or an expert for the purpose of education in accident prevention, the Board may pay the whole or any part of the salary or remuneration of such inspector or expert out of the accident fund or out of that part  of it that is at the credit of any one or more of the classes as the Board considers just.

Expenses of associations

(4) The Board may, in any case that it considers proper, make a grant towards the expenses of any such association.

Where charged

(5) Any money paid by the Board under this section shall be charged against the class represented by such association and levied as part of the assessment against such class.

Definition

(6) The word “class” in this section includes subclass or such part of a class or such number of classes or parts of classes as may be approved by the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 135.

Committee of employers

136.(1) The employers in any of the classes for the time being included in Schedule 1 may appoint a committee of themselves, consisting of not more than five employers, to watch over their interests in matters to which this Part relates.

Board may act on certificate of committee as to payment of compensation

(2) Where a claim is for compensation for an injury for which the employers in any such class would be liable, if the Board is of opinion that the committee sufficiently represents such employers and the committee certifies to the Board that it is satisfied that the claim should be allowed, the Board may act on the certificate and may also act upon the certificate of the committee as to the proper sum to be awarded for compensation if the worker or dependant is satisfied with the sum named in the certificate.

Medium of communication

(3) The committee may be the medium of communication  on the part of the class with the Board. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 136.

Contribution by Employers in Schedule 2

Contribution by employers individually liable to expenses of administration

137.(1) Employers in industries for the time being included in Schedule 2 shall pay to the Board such proportion of the expenses of the Board in the administration of this Part as the Board considers just and determines and the sum payable by them shall be apportioned between such employers and be assessed and levied in like manner as in the case of assessments for contributions to the accident fund, and the provisions of this Part as to making such assessments apply with necessary modifications to assessments made under the authority of this section.

Investments

(2) The payments and deposits referred to in sections 28 and 32 shall be invested in any such securities as a trustee may invest in under the Pension Benefits Act.

Special funds

(3) The Board, where it considers proper, may add to the amount payable by an employer under subsection (1) a percentage or sum for the purpose of raising special funds and the Board may use such money to meet a loss or relieve any employer in Schedule 2 from all or part of the costs arising from any disaster or other circumstance where, in the opinion of the Board, it is proper to do so. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 137.

Penalty

(4) Subsections 103 (4.1) and (4.2) apply with necessary modifications to an employer whose industry is included in Schedule 2.  An amount levied under subsection 103 (4.1) shall be added to the amount payable by an employer under subsection (1). 1994, c. 24, s. 32.

138.  Repealed: 1995, c. 5, s. 26.

Application of Part I

139.  This Part applies only to the industries mentioned in Schedules 1 and 2 and to such industries as are added to them under the authority of this Part and to employments therein, and applies to any employment by or under the Crown in right of Ontario, including any employment by any permanent board or commission appointed by the Crown in right of Ontario. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 139.

PART II

Application of sections 141, 142

140.  Subject to section 143, sections 141 and 142 apply only to the industries to which Part I does not apply and to the workers employed in such industries, but outworkers and persons whose employment is of a casual nature and who are employed otherwise than for the purposes of the employer’s trade or business, who are employed in industries under Part I but who are excluded from the benefit of Part I, are not by this section excluded from the benefit of sections 141 and 142. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 140.

Liability of employer for defective ways, works, etc., and for negligence of employees

141.(1) Where personal injury is caused to a worker by reason of any defect in the condition or arrangement of the ways, works, machinery, plant, buildings or premises connected with, intended for or used in the business of the worker’s employer or by reason of the negligence of the employer or of any person in the service of the employer acting within the scope of his or her employment, the worker or, if the injury results in death, the legal personal representative of the worker and any person entitled in case of death have an action against the employer, and, if the action is brought by the worker, he or she is entitled to recover from the employer the damages sustained by the worker by or in consequence of the injury, and, if the action is brought by the legal personal representative of the worker or by or on behalf of persons entitled to damages under Part V of the Family Law Act, they are entitled to recover such damages as they are entitled to under that Act.

Liability of person applying defective ways, works, plant, etc.

(2) Where the execution of any work is being carried into effect under any contract, and the person for whom the work is done owns or supplies any ways, works, machinery, plant,  buildings or premises, and by reason of any defect in the condition or arrangement of them personal injury is caused to a worker employed by the contractor or by any subcontractor, and the defect arose from the negligence of the person for whom the work or any part of it is done or of some person in the service of the person for whom the work or any part of it is done and acting within the scope of his or her employment, the person for whom the work or that part of the work is done is liable to the action as if the worker had been employed by that person, and for that purpose shall be deemed to be the employer of the worker within the meaning of this Act, but any such contractor or subcontractor is liable to the action as if this subsection had not been enacted but not so that double damages are recoverable for the same injury.

Liability of contractor and subcontractor

(3) Nothing in subsection (2) affects any right or liability of the person for whom the work is done and the contractor or subcontractor as between themselves.

Effect of continuance in employment after knowledge

(4) A worker shall not, by reason only of continuing in the employment of the employer with knowledge of the defect or negligence that caused his or her injury, be deemed to have voluntarily incurred the risk of the injury. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 141.

Certain common law rules abrogated

142.(1) A worker shall be deemed not to have undertaken the risks due to the negligence of his or her fellow workers and contributory negligence on the part of a worker is not a bar to recovery by the worker or by any person entitled to damages under Part V of the Family Law Act in an action for the recovery of damages for an injury sustained by or causing the death of the worker while in the service of his or her employer for which the employer would otherwise have been liable.

Contributory negligence

(2) Contributory negligence on the part of the worker shall nevertheless be taken into account in assessing the damages in any such action. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 142.

Domestics

143.  This Part does not apply to domestics or their employers to whom Part I applies. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 143.

PART III
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Definitions

144.  In this Part,

“pre-1985 Act” means this Act as it read on the 31st day of March, 1985, as amended by the Statutes of Ontario, 1984, chapter 58, section 37 and 1985, chapter 3, sections 6, 7, 8 and 9; (“Loi d’avant 1985”)

“pre-1985 injury” means,

(a) a personal injury by accident or an industrial disease that occurred before the 1st day of April, 1985, or

(b) death that occurred before the 1st day of April, 1985, resulting from an injury by accident or an industrial disease; (“lésion d’avant 1985”)

“pre-1989 Act” means this Act as it read immediately before the 26th day of July, 1989, excluding Part III thereof; (“Loi d’avant 1989”)

“pre-1989 injury” means a personal injury by accident or an industrial disease that occurred on or after the 1st day of April, 1985 and before the 2nd day of January, 1990. (“lésion d’avant 1989”) R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 144.

Continued application of pre-1985 Act

145.  The pre-1985 Act, except subsections 43 (5), (5a), (5b) and (5c), continues to apply to pre-1985 injuries. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 145.

Continued application of pre-1989 Act

146.  The pre-1989 Act, except subsections 45 (5), (6), (7), (8) and (9), continues to apply to pre-1989 injuries. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 146.

Permanent Partial Disability Supplements

Definitions

147.(1) In this section,

“amount awarded for permanent partial disability” means the amount awarded for permanent partial disability under,

(a) subsection 43 (1) of the pre-1985 Act, with respect to a pre-1985 injury, and

(b) subsection 45 (1) of the pre-1989 Act, with respect to a pre-1989 injury; (“montant accordé au titre d’une invalidité partielle à caractère permanent”)

“worker” means a worker who is permanently disabled as a result of a pre-1985 injury or a pre-1989 injury. (“travailleur”)

Temporary supplement

(2) Subject to subsections (9) and (10), the Board shall give a supplement to a worker who, in the opinion of the Board, is likely to benefit from a vocational rehabilitation program which could help to increase the worker’s earning capacity to such an extent that the sum of the worker’s earning capacity after vocational rehabilitation and the amount awarded for permanent partial disability approximates the worker’s average or net average earnings, as the case may be, before the worker’s injury.

Idem

(3) A supplement under subsection (2) is payable for the period during which the worker participates in a Board-approved vocational rehabilitation program.

Permanent supplement

(4) Subject to subsections (8), (9) and (10), the Board shall give a supplement to a worker,

(a) who, in the opinion of the Board, is not likely to benefit from a vocational rehabilitation program in the manner  described in subsection (2); or

(b) whose earning capacity after a vocational rehabilitation program is not increased to the extent described in subsection (2) in the opinion of the Board.

Duration of supplement

(5) A supplement under subsection (4) for a worker described in clause (4) (a) becomes payable as of the later of,

(a) the 26th day of July, 1989; or

(b) the day the Board determines the worker has a permanent disability.

Idem

(6) A supplement under subsection (4) for a worker described in clause (4) (b) becomes payable as of the latest of,

(a) the 26th day of July, 1989;

(b) the day the Board determines the worker has a permanent disability; or

(c) the day the worker ceases to participate in a vocational rehabilitation program.

Idem

(7) A supplement under subsection (4) shall continue until the worker becomes eligible for old age security benefits.

Amount of supplement

(8) The amount of a supplement under subsection (4) shall not exceed the amount of a full monthly pension for old age security under section 3 of the Old Age Security Act (Canada), including amendments thereto. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 147 (1-8).

Idem

(9) The amount of a supplement under this section for a worker with a pre-1985 injury shall be calculated so that the sum of the supplement, the amount awarded for permanent partial disability, $200 and 75 per cent of the worker’s average earnings, if any, after the injury equals 75 per cent of the worker’s pre-injury average earnings. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 147 (9); 1994, c. 24, s. 33 (1).

Idem

(10) The amount of a supplement under this section for a worker with a pre-1989 injury shall be calculated so that the sum of the supplement, the amount awarded for permanent partial disability, $200 and 90 per cent of the worker’s net average earnings, if any, after the injury equals 90 per cent of the worker’s pre-injury net average earnings. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 147 (10); 1994, c. 24, s. 33 (2).

C.P.P. and Q.P.P. payments

(11) In calculating the amount of a supplement under this section, the Board shall have regard to the effect of inflation on the worker’s pre-injury earning rate and to any payments the worker receives under the Canada Pension Plan or the Quebec Pension Plan with respect to a disability arising from the injury.

Form of payment

(12) A supplement under this section shall be a monthly or other periodic payment.

Recalculation

(13) The Board shall review a supplement given under subsection (4) in the twenty-fourth month following the award and in the sixtieth month following the award and recalculate the amount of the supplement in accordance with subsections (9) and (10). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 147 (11-13).

Additional amount

(14) The Board shall pay an additional $200 per month to a worker who is receiving an amount awarded for permanent partial disability or who received a lump sum commuted from such an amount if the worker is entitled to a supplement under subsection (4) or would be but for subsection (7).

Same

(15) Subsection (14) applies even if the amount of the supplement, as calculated under subsection (9) or (10), is zero.

Reduction, pre-1985 injuries

(16) The payment under subsection (14), for a worker with a pre-1985 injury, shall be reduced, if necessary, so that the sum of the following amounts does not exceed 75 per cent of the worker’s pre-injury average earnings:

1. The payment under subsection (14).

2. The amount awarded for permanent partial disability.

3. 75 per cent of the worker’s average earnings after the injury, if any.

4. Any pension for old age security that the worker is eligible for under section 3 of the Old Age Security Act (Canada).

Reduction, pre-1989 injuries

(17) The payment under subsection (14), for a worker with a pre-1989 injury, shall be reduced, if necessary, so that the sum of the following amounts does not exceed 90 per cent of the worker’s pre-injury net average earnings:

1. The payment under subsection (14).

2. The amount awarded for permanent partial disability.

3. 90 per cent of the worker’s net average earnings after the injury, if any.

4. Any pension for old age security that the worker is eligible for under section 3 of the Old Age Security Act (Canada). 1994, c. 24, s. 33 (3).

PART IV

Indexing factor

148.  (1) On January 1 in each year, an indexing factor shall be determined using the formula,

Indexing factor + [ 3/4   A ] * 1

in which “A” is the amount of the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Canada for all items, for the 12-month period ending October 31 of the previous year, as published by Statistics Canada.  The indexing factor shall be not less than 0 per cent and not greater than 4 per cent.

Indexation

(1.1) Subject to subsection (1.2), the indexing factor described in subsection (1) applies with respect to the calculation of all compensation payable under this Act.

Exception

(1.2) The indexing factor described in subsection (1.3) applies with respect to the calculation of the following:

1. Compensation under section 35 for survivors and dependants.

2. Compensation for survivors and dependants under section 36 of the pre-1985 Act, as continued under section 145.

3. Compensation for survivors and dependants under section 36 of the pre-1989 Act, as continued under section 146.

4. Permanent disability benefits under subsection 43 (1) of the pre-1985 Act, as continued under section 145, but only if the impairment of the earning capacity of the worker is 100 per cent of the worker’s earning capacity.

5. Permanent disability benefits under subsection 45 (1) of the pre-1989 Act, as continued under section 146, but only if the impairment of the earning capacity of the worker is 100 per cent of the worker’s earning capacity.

6. All compensation payable to a worker whose permanent partial disability benefits are increased under subsection 147 (14).

Same

(1.3) The indexing factor that applies with respect to the benefits described in subsection (1.2) is to be determined on January 1 in each year and is the amount of the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Canada for all items, for the 12-month period ending October 31 of the previous year, as published by Statistics Canada.  The indexing factor shall be not less than 0 per cent. 1994, c. 24, s. 34.

Annual adjustments

(2) On the 1st day of January in each year, the Board shall,

(a) adjust the dollar amounts set out in this Act and in provisions continued by section 144 by applying the indexing factor to the amount as adjusted under this Part on the preceding 1st day of January; and

(b) adjust average earnings by applying the indexing factor to the average earnings as adjusted under this Part on the preceding 1st day of January and the Board shall make consequential changes to the compensation payable under this Act and under provisions continued by section 144.

Calculation of average earnings

(3) For the purpose of calculating the adjustment under clause (2)(b) for a person who is receiving compensation under provisions continued by section 144, the average earnings shall be the amount which produces the compensation that the person is receiving as of the day preceding the day on which the adjustment is to be made.

Increases prospective

(4) Nothing in this section entitles a person to claim additional compensation for any period before the effective date of an increase as a result of subsection (2) or with respect to any award commuted or paid as a lump sum before the effective date. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 148 (2-4) .

Exceptions

149.  This Part does not apply to dollar amounts set out in section 79 or 128 or to fines set out in this Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 149.

Where minimum received

150.(1) Where a person is receiving the minimum amount of compensation payable under subsection 39(1), (3), (4) or (5) of this Act, section 44 of the pre-1985 Act or section 42 of the pre-1989 Act and that amount is increased under this Part, no other increase applies. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 150(1); 1993, c.27, Sched.

Maximum amounts rounded

(2) Where a maximum amount under section 38 of this Act is adjusted under this Part and the adjusted amount is not divisible by 100 without remainder, the Board shall increase the adjusted amount to the next amount divisible by 100 without remainder. R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 150(2).

Annual redetermination of net average earnings

151.(1) On the 1st day of January in each year, the Board shall redetermine the net average earnings of a worker under section 41 for payments accruing after the date of redetermination by deducting from the earnings of a worker,

(a) the probable income tax payable by the worker on the worker’s earnings for the current year;

(b) the probable Canada Pension Plan premiums payable by the worker for the current year; and

(c) the probable unemployment insurance premiums payable by the worker for the current year.

Idem

(2) The table established by subsection 41(2) shall set out the redeterminations calculated under subsection (1). R.S.O. 1990, c. W.11, s. 151.

PART V
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

Offence, deduction from wages

152.  (1) A person who contravenes subsection 20 (1) is guilty of an offence.

Restitution order

(2) If a person is convicted of an offence under this section, the court shall also order the person to pay to the Board on behalf of the affected worker any sum deducted from the worker’s wages or any sum that the worker was required or permitted to pay in contravention of subsection 20 (1).

Same

(3) When the court makes an order under subsection (2), the Board shall pay the sum determined under the order to the worker.

Same

(4) The sum determined under the order is a debt due to the Board from the person convicted of the offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, contributions from workers

153.  (1) An employer who, directly or indirectly, collects or receives or retains from a worker any contribution toward the expense of health care is guilty of an offence.

Restitution order

(2) The Board may order an employer who is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) to pay the Board on behalf of the worker treble the amount of any sum collected, received or retained by the employer in contravention of that subsection.

Same

(3) If the Board makes an order under subsection (2), the Board shall pay the sum determined under the order to the worker.

Same

(4) The sum determined under the order is a debt due to the Board from the employer. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, regulations

154.  (1) A person who contravenes a regulation made under subsection 63 (1) is guilty of an offence.

Same, rule of association

(2) A person who contravenes a rule of an association formed under subsection 135 (1) that has been approved and ratified as provided under subsection 135 (2) is guilty of an offence.

Restriction on prosecution

(3) No prosecution shall be instituted for an offence under this section except with the consent in writing of the Board. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, confidential information

155.  (1) An employer or employer’s representative who contravenes subsection 71 (7) is guilty of an offence.

Same, Board officers, etc.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection 114 (1) is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, registration, etc.

156.  An employer who fails to register or to provide the information required by the Board under section 108.1 is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, statements and records

157.  (1) An employer who fails to comply with subsection 109 (1), (2), (3) or (4) is guilty of an offence.

Same

(2) An employer who provides a statement under subsection 109 (1), (2), (3) or (4) that is not a true and accurate statement of any of the matters required to be set forth in it is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, obstruction

158.  (1) A person who obstructs or hinders an examination and inquiry authorized by subsection 111 (1) is guilty of an offence.

Same

(2) A person who obstructs or hinders an inspection authorized by subsection 113 (1) is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, payments

159.  An employer who fails to comply with a requirement of the Board under subsection 130 (1) is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, notice of accident

160.  An employer who fails to comply with subsection 133 (1) is guilty of an offence. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence, false or misleading statement

161.  (1) A person who knowingly makes a false or misleading statement or representation to the Board in connection with any person’s entitlement to benefits is guilty of an offence.

Same, material change in circumstances

(2) A person who wilfully fails to inform the Board of a material change in circumstances in connection with his or her entitlement to benefits within 10 days after the material change occurs is guilty of an offence.

Same

(3) An employer who wilfully fails to inform the Board of a material change in circumstances in connection with an obligation of the employer under the Act within 10 days after the material change occurs is guilty of an offence.

Same, by supplier, etc.

(4) A person who knowingly makes a false or misleading statement or representation to the Board to obtain payment for goods or services provided to the Board, whether or not the Board received the goods or services, is guilty of an offence.

Restitution order

(5) If a person is convicted of an offence under this section, the court may also order the person to pay to the Board any money received by the person or obtained by the person on behalf of another person by reason of the commission of the offence.

Enforcement of restitution order

(6) The Board may file a certified copy of the order made under subsection (5) in a court of competent jurisdiction and thereupon the order shall be deemed to be an order of that court and may be enforced as such.

Other remedies

(7) Subsections (5) and (6) do not limit the right of the Board to take such other steps as it considers appropriate to recover money owing to it.

Restriction on prosecution

(8) A prosecution for an offence under this section shall not be commenced more than two years after the date on which the most recent act or omission upon which the prosecution is based came to the attention of the Board. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Offence by director, officer

162.  If a corporation commits an offence under the Act, every director or officer of the corporation who knowingly authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the commission of the offence is guilty of an offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Penalty

163.  A person who is convicted of an offence under the Act is liable to the following penalty:

1. If the person is an individual, he or she is liable to a fine not exceeding $25,000 or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both.

2. If the person is not an individual, the person is liable to a fine not exceeding $100,000. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

Fines

164.  Any fine paid for an offence under the Act shall be paid to the Board and shall form part of the accident fund. 1995, c. 5,  s. 27.

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